Advertisement

Intradural Spinal Tumors: Classification, Symptoms, and Radiological Features

  • Kasim Abul-Kasim
  • Pia C. SundgrenEmail author
Chapter
  • 1.1k Downloads
Part of the Tumors of the Central Nervous System book series (TCNS, volume 6)

Abstract

This chapter will focus on clinical features, characteristics and imaging features of the more common intradural extramedullary and intramedullary spinal tumors. The typical clinical presentation and symptoms for various intradural spinal tumors will be presented and their imaging pattern as seen on Computer Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging will be described.

Keywords

Intradural spinal sumors CT MRI Intramedullary tumors 

References

  1. Abul-Kasim K, Thurnher MM, McKeever P, Sundgren PC (2008) Intradural spinal tumors: current classification and MRI features. Neuroradiology 50(4):301–314PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arbelaez A, Castillo M, Armao D (1999) Hemangioblastoma of the filum terminale: MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol 173(3):857–858PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Baleriaux DL (1999) Spinal cord tumors. Eur Radiol 9(7):1252–1258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bourgouin PM, Lesage J, Fontaine S, Konan A, Roy D, Bard C, Del Carpio O’Donovan R (1998) A pattern approach to the differential diagnosis of intramedullary spinal cord lesions on MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol 170(6):1645–1649PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Chu BC, Terae S, Hida K, Furukawa M, Abe S, Miyasaka K (2001) MR findings in spinal hemangioblastoma: correlation with symptoms and with angiographic and surgical findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22(1):206–217PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. De Verdelhan O, Haegelen C, Carsin-Nicol B, Riffaud L, Amlashi SF, Brassier G, Carsin M, Morandi X (2005) MR imaging features of spinal schwannomas and meningiomas. J Neuroradiol 32(1):42–49PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. DeAngelis LM (1998) Current diagnosis and treatment of leptomeningeal metastasis. J Neurooncol 38(2–3):245–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gorgulu A, Albayrak BS, Kose T (2005) Cervical leptomeningeal and intramedullary metastasis of a cerebral PNET in an adult. J Neurooncol 74(3):339–340PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kahan H, Sklar EM, Post MJ, Bruce JH (1996) MR characteristics of histopathologic subtypes of spinal ependymoma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 17(1):143–150PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Khong PL, Goh WH, Wong VC, Fung CW, Ooi GC (2003) MR imaging of spinal tumors in children with neurofibromatosis 1. AJR Am J Roentgenol 180(2):413–417PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Kleihues P, Cavenee W (eds) (2000) Pathology and genetics of tumors of the nervous system. World Health Organi­zation Classification of tumours. IARC Press, Lyon, FranceGoogle Scholar
  12. Lee DK, Choe WJ, Chung CK, Kim HJ (2003) Spinal cord hemangioblastoma: surgical strategy and clinical outcome. J Neurooncol 61(1):27–34PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mautner VF, Tatagiba M, Lindenau M, Funsterer C, Pulst SM, Baser ME, Kluwe L, Zanella FE (1995) Spinal tumors in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2: MR imaging study of frequency, multipli­city, and variety. AJR Am J Roentgenol 165(4):951–955PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Mut M, Schiff D, Shaffrey ME (2005) Metastasis to nervous system: spinal epidural and intramedullary metastases. J Neurooncol 75(1):43–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Osborn AG (1994) Diagnostic radiology: tumors, cysts and tumorlike lesions of the spine and spinal cord. Mosby-Year Book, St LouisGoogle Scholar
  16. Osborn AG, Blaser SI, Salzman K, Porvenzale J, Castillo M, Sutton D, Hedlund GL, Iner A, Harnsberger HR, Katzman GL, Balser S, Salzman WA, Hamilton BE, Jones BV, Cooper JA (2004) Diagnostic imaging; brain. AMIRSYS, Salt Lake CityGoogle Scholar
  17. Park CK, Chung CK, Choe GY, Wang KC, Cho BK, Kim HJ (2000) Intramedullary spinal cord ganglioglioma: a report of five cases. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 142(5):547–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Patel U, Pinto RS, Miller DC, Handler MS, Rorke LB, Epstein FJ, Kricheff II (1998) MR of spinal cord ganglioglioma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 19(5):879–887PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Ross JS, Brant-Zawadzki M, Moore KR, Crim J, Chen MZ, Katzman GL (2004) Diagnostic imaging-spine: neoplasms, cysts and other masses. AMIRSYS, Salt Lake CityGoogle Scholar
  20. Schaller B (2005) Spinal meningioma: relationship between histological subtypes and surgical outcome? J Neurooncol 75(2):157–161PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sun B, Wang C, Wang J, Liu A (2003) MRI features of intramedullary spinal cord ependymomas. J Neuroimaging 13(4):346–351PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Sundgren P, Annertz M, Englund E, Stromblad LG, Holtas S (1999) Paragangliomas of the spinal canal. Neuroradiology 41(10):788–794PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Van Goethem JW, van den Hauwe L, Ozsarlak O, De Schepper AM, Parizel PM (2004) Spinal tumors. Eur J Radiol 50(2):159–176PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Yoshii S, Shimizu K, Ido K, Nakamura T (1999) Ependymoma of the spinal cord and the cauda equina region. J Spinal Disord 12(2):157–161PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Clinical Sciences Lund, Center for Medical Imaging and PhysiologySkane University Hospital, Lund UniversityLundSweden

Personalised recommendations