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Spinal Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor: Use of Diffusion – Weighted Imaging for Diagnosis

  • Tetsu NiwaEmail author
  • Noriko Aida
  • Thomas C. Kwee
  • Taro Takahara
Chapter
  • 1.1k Downloads
Part of the Tumors of the Central Nervous System book series (TCNS, volume 6)

Abstract

Spinal atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a rare, aggressive malignant central nervous system neoplasm usually seen in young children and infants. Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings vary in spinal AT/RT. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements may aid in the assessment of intratumoral characteristics. In spinal AT/RT, high signal on DWI and low ADC can correspond to a high cellularity, indicating a highly malignant tumor.

Keywords

Spinal tumor Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor Diffusion-weighted imaging Apparent diffusion coefficient Magnetic resonance imaging 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tetsu Niwa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Noriko Aida
    • 1
  • Thomas C. Kwee
    • 2
  • Taro Takahara
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyKanagawa Children’s Medical CenterYokohamaJapan
  2. 2.University Medical Center UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical EngineeringTokai University School of EngineeringHiratsukaJapan

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