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Radio Physical Studies of Planets and the Earth at the Institute of Radio Technology and Electronics of the USSR Academy of Sciences

  • B. G. Kutuza
  • O. N. Rzhiga
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 382)

Abstract

Stages in the development of radar astronomy and the main methods and scientific results obtained at the Institute of Radio Technology and Electronics (IRE) beginning in the 1960s are discussed. The fundamental importance for manned space flight of the radical improvement in the accuracy of the astronomical unit achieved using radar measurements of planets is underscored, together with other important results of studies of planetary surfaces. Studies of the atmosphere and surface of the Earth using radio-astronomy methods are described in detail, including satellite techniques. The results of radio-physical studies of the ionospheres of the Moon and planets carried out by analysing signals transmitted by spacecraft and received on the Earth are also presented.

Keywords

Brightness Temperature Radio Emission Radio Telescope Microwave Radiometer Radio Brightness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. G. Kutuza
    • 1
  • O. N. Rzhiga
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Radio Engineering and ElectronicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowUSSR

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