Multiple Criteria Decision Making for Flood Risk Management

  • Karin HanssonEmail author
  • Mats Danielson
  • Love Ekenberg
  • Joost Buurman
Part of the Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research book series (NTHR, volume 32)


This paper describes a framework for multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) for flood risk management. To date, most models assessing flood impacts and coping strategies focus on economic impacts and neglect environmental and social considerations. In this paper, we develop and test an ex-ante framework for flood damage assessment, which includes a flood simulation model, a decision tool, and suggested policy strategies. Environmental and social criteria are introduced into the framework, and soft evaluations are performed in order to demonstrate the usability of the framework. The Bac Hung Hai polder in northern Vietnam serves as a case study. Results show that it is useful to add a multi-criteria perspective to flood management decisions to account for differing views and preferences. Furthermore, such a framework enables stakeholder participation in consequence analyses as well as in formulating more elaborated criteria weights.


Decision support tool Flood risk management Case study Multi-criteria perspective Simulation tool 



This work was supported by the Swedish international development cooperation agency (Sida). Many thanks to Dr. Lars Asker for discussions regarding Matlab methods.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karin Hansson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mats Danielson
    • 1
  • Love Ekenberg
    • 1
  • Joost Buurman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer and Systems SciencesStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Singapore-Delft Water AllianceNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

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