A Sustainable Outlook on the Future of The Netherlands

  • Rienk KuiperEmail author
  • Marianne Kuijpers-Linde
  • Arno Bouwman
Part of the GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 101)


In 2005, the Dutch Upper House asked the Dutch Government to prepare a highly integrated, long-term investment strategy in spatial planning that should pay more attention to the effects of climate change and make provisions for the further development of the Randstad conurbation. In response to this request, in 2007 PBL carried out the Second Sustainability Outlook. This study comprised two parts, each looking at sustainability from a different perspective:


  1. CPB, MNP, & RPB (2006). Welvaart en Leefomgeving. Een scenariostudie voor Nederland in 2040 (Prosperity, wellbeing and quality of the living environment. A scenario study for the Netherlands in 2040) CPB/MNP/RPB, Bilthoven/The Hague.Google Scholar
  2. Hanemaaijer, A., de Ridder, W., Aalbers, T., et al. (Eds.). (2008). The Netherlands in a sustainable world: Second sustainability outlook. Bilthoven: PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.Google Scholar
  3. Kuijpers-Linde, M., Kuiper, R., Geurs, K., Knoop, J., Lagas, P., Ligtvoet, W., et al. (Eds.). (2010). The Netherlands in the future, second sustainability outlook, the physical living environment in The Netherlands. Bilthoven: PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.Google Scholar
  4. MNP (2004). Quality and the future. Sustainability outlook. Bilthoven: PBL Netherlands environmental assessment agency.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rienk Kuiper
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marianne Kuijpers-Linde
    • 2
  • Arno Bouwman
    • 3
  1. 1.PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment AgencyThe HagueThe Netherlands
  2. 2.TNO Urban DevelopmentDelftThe Netherlands
  3. 3.PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment AgencyBilthovenThe Netherlands

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