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Biodiversity of Lake Biwa

  • Machiko Nishino
Chapter

Abstract

It was Mori (1970) that first listed the animal and plant ­species of Lake Biwa. The list was revised twice and Mori and Miura (1990) finally listed a total of 1190 taxa, including 55 species of water birds. However, as their earlier lists published in 1970 and 1980 were devoid of any accounts, figures or citations, and citations in the revised list in 1990 was based only on the newly described or recorded species in the subsequent studies, their reliability was questioned. Since late 1980s, intensive faunal surveys were conducted of the lake and its adjacent areas, with detailed taxonomic examination for Oligochaeta (Ohtaka and Nishino 1995, 1999), Cladocera (Tanaka et al. 2004), Ostracoda (Smith and Janz 2008, 2009), Cyclopoida (Ishida 2002), Harpacticoida (Ishida and Kikuchi 2000), Trichoptera (Tanida et al. 1999) and Chironomidae (Sasa and Kawai 1987; Kawai et al. 2002b), etc.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lake Biwa Environmental Research InstituteOtsuJapan

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