Moving Out of Poverty: Conditions for Wealth Creation in Small-Scale Fisheries in Mozambique

  • Ana MenezesEmail author
  • Arne Eide
  • Jesper Raakjær


Over the last few decades, Mozambique has gone through significant political and economic changes moving from a central planning economy to a market economy. The Mozambican government is developing coastal fisheries, enhancing economic productivity and is placing an increasing emphasis on poverty alleviation. Infrastructure is improved and basic common goods have become more accessible in coastal areas. Nevertheless, more than 70% of the population in the coastal areas lives below the poverty line, and effects of recent improvements are still insignificant. Open access to common pool resources in coastal areas has provided the rural population with some degree of food security and shelter during turbulent periods of political changes; the value of the natural resource in terms of being an economic buffer utilized by poor people along the coast, should not be underestimated. New introduced co-management arrangements were targeting the poorest groups, but actually voiced the interests of those who are relatively better off in the coastal communities. New infrastructures related to coastal natural resources, and external groups holding economic interests in the area have resulted in new types of conflicts emerging in the coastal areas. Co-management has focused on solving internal conflicts; in the future, defending local user rights toward other interest groups might become much more important.


Fishery Management Poverty Alleviation Coastal Community Stock Resource Wealth Creation 
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The authors would like to thank several Mozambican colleagues from the Ministry of Fisheries and particularly all community leaders who kindly agreed to spend part of their precious time with the authors. Learning the life stories of their families, their communities and their view points allowed this research project to present fisher folks’ livelihood stories from a developing country. We would also like to thank the Norwegian Research Council, which awarded the grant to the PovFish project. Particular thanks are extended to Dr. Svein Jentoft and Mr. Kristoffer Kokvold for their unconditional support for this project.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UNEPMaputoMozambique
  2. 2.Norwegian College of Fishery ScienceUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway
  3. 3.Innovative Fisheries Management (IFM), Department of Development and PlanningAalborg UniversityAalborg ØDenmark

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