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Sustaining Indian Agriculture in the Era of Climate Change

  • Manoranjan Mishra
  • Gyan Ranjan Panda
  • B. K. PadhiEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Agriculture Reviews book series (SARV, volume 7)

Abstract

Climate change has moved to the top of the world’s environmental agenda. Agriculture is an economic activity that is highly dependent on climate in order to produce the food and fiber necessary to sustain human life. The agriculture in India is highly sensitive to variations of weather and climate. The history of Indian agriculture reflect a series of adaptation. Soil, water, terrain, climate, technological developments and market factors provide constraints and opportunity for agricultural productions. Climate change has already been a reality for Indian farmers. These changes over time represent stimuli that affect the success of farming activities negatively and that prompt adjustments to altered circumstances. Since the inceptions of ‘sustainable agriculture’ in Rio Summit in 1992, a diverse range of approaches are put forward by researchers, state organization, non governmental development bodies, private organization in India but guided by the basic principle of sustainability. Sustainable agriculture must be economically viable, socially responsible and conserve land, water, genetic and other resources for future generation. The aim of this review is to highlight the potential impacts of climate change on agriculture in India and the status of mitigation and adaptation strategies to sustain the Indian agriculture.

Climate change Sustainable agriculture India Grain Food production CO2 Wheat Rice Irrigation Surface temperature Precipitation Rainfall Flood Sealevel rise Cover crops Green manure Crop rotation Intercropping Pest control Watershed No tillage Biofertilizer Vermicompost Raised bed Furrow planting 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manoranjan Mishra
    • 1
  • Gyan Ranjan Panda
    • 2
  • B. K. Padhi
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Geography and NRMSikkim University IndiaGangtokIndia
  2. 2.Research Officer in Centre for Budget and Governance AccountabilityNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.School of Environmental SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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