Comparative Modelling of Shear Zone Patterns in Granular Bodies with Finite and Discrete Element Model

  • Jacek TejchmanEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering book series (SSGG, volume 11)


The evolution of patterns of shear zones in cohesionless sand for quasi-static earth pressure problems of a retaining wall under conditions of plane strain was analyzed with a discrete element method (DEM). The passive and active failure of a retaining wall was discussed. The numerical calculations were carried out with a rigid and very rough retaining wall undergoing horizontal translation, rotation about the top and rotation about the toe. The geometry of calculated shear zones was qualitatively compared with experimental results of laboratory model tests using X-rays and a Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique, and quantitatively with corresponding finite element results obtained with a micro-polar hypoplastic constitutive model.


DEM FEM Earth pressure Hear localization Granular body Grain rotation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty for Civil and Environmental EngineeringGdańsk University of TechnologyGdańskPoland

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