The solar wind

  • Marcel Goossens
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 294)


The prediction by E. Parker in 1958 (Parker, E.N.: 1958, Ap.J. 128, 664) of a high speed solar wind with supersonic velocities of several hundreds of km s-1 at the Earth’s orbit caused a huge controversy in the astrophysical and geophysical communities. Parker’s theory was received with a great deal of skepticism, even disbelief. Fortunately for E. Parker, Russian and American satellites soon afterwards did indeed discover this fast streaming solar wind. By the end of the 1960’s the solar wind was an established astrophysical fact and since then it has become an integral and natural part of solar physics and astrophysics.


Solar Wind Coronal Hole Magnetic Field Line Outflow Velocity Sonic Point 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcel Goossens
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Plasma AstrophysicsK.U. LeuvenBelgium

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