Towards a Typology of European Welfare Production: Summary and Discussion
The research agenda of this report sets out from the tradition of the social indicator movement, focussing on the distribution of living conditions at micro level. With access to new comparative welfare surveys (ECHP and Nordic databases) the variation of living conditions within as well as between nations can be studied in more detail, and for a complete set of EU member states, for some nations even in a longitudinal perspective. Likewise is recent regime research drawing on new comparative data on the institutional context behind individual living conditions. Combining these data on ‘welfare production’ provide insight into the way living conditions are monitored by the labour market, welfare state and family at national level, and on the combined ‘welfare efficiency’ of these institutions.
KeywordsLabour Market Welfare State Distributive Outcome Labour Market Policy Welfare Institution
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- 1.Further indicators are presented in chapters 2-4. Below 50 percent of the average equivalent disposable household income.Google Scholar
- 3.The inequality index in Figures 9.6–9.8 measures deprivation in material living conditions, based on a basket of households assets; see technical comments in chapter 5 and Vogel.Google Scholar
- 4.To the disadvantage of youth and elderly, respectively; see further technical comments in chapter 5.Google Scholar
- 5.Defined as the ratio between employed adults (20–84 years) to not employed adults (to fit this graph multiplied by 10).Google Scholar
- 6.Defined as the ratio between female and male employment rates.Google Scholar