Sequent Systems for Trilattice Logics

  • Yaroslav ShramkoEmail author
  • Heinrich Wansing
Part of the Trends in Logic book series (TREN, volume 36)


In the present chapter, we will define various standard and non-standard sequent calculi for logics related to the trilattice SIXTEEN 3. In a first step, we will introduce three sequent calculi G B , F B , and QB for Odintsov’s first-degree proof system ⊢ B presented in the previous chapter. The system G B is a standard Gentzen-type sequent calculus, FB is a four-place (horizontal) matrix sequent calculus, and Q B is a quadruple (vertical) matrix sequent calculus. In contrast with G B , the calculus \(\hbox{F}_B\) satisfies the subformula property, and the calculus \(\hbox{Q}_B\) reflects Odintsov’s co-ordinate valuations associated with valuations in \(SIXTEEN_3\). The mutual equivalence between \(G_B\), \(\hbox{F}_B, \) and \(\hbox{Q}_B\), the cut-elimination theorems for these calculi, and the decidability of \(\vdash _B\) are proved. In addition, it is shown how the sequent systems for \(\vdash _B\) can be extended to cut-free sequent calculi for Odintsov’s \(L_B\), which is an extension of \(\vdash_B\) by adding classical implication and negation connectives. The axiom systems \(L_T,L_B,L^{f}_{T},L^{f}_{B},{L'}_T,{L'}_B,{{{L}^{f}}'}_{T},\) and \({{{L}^{f}}'}_{B}\) from  Chap. 5 are all auxiliary calculi in the sense that they do not capture truth entailment \(\models_t\) or falsity entailment \(\models _f\) in the respective languages. The chief axiom systems are those capturing the semantically defined logics \(L^t,L^f,{L'},{{L}^f}',L^{t*}\) and \(L^{f*}\). In a second step, we will present cut-free sound and complete higher-arity sequent calculi for all these axiom systems. The semantical foundation of these calculi is provided by the co-ordinate valuations. A sequent calculus \({\text{GL}}^*\) for truth entailment in \(SIXTEEN_3\) in the full language \({\fancyscript{L}}^*_{tf}\) is introduced and shown to be sound and complete and admitting of cut-elimination. This sequent calculus directly takes up Odintsov’s presentation of \(SIXTEEN_3\) as a twist-structure over the two-element Boolean algebra and enjoys all the nice properties known from the G3c sequent calculus for classical logic, see Troelstra and Schwichtenberg (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000). Moreover, a sequent calculus for falsity entailment in \(SIXTEEN_3\) in \({\fancyscript{L}}^*_{tf}\) can be obtained from \({\text{GL}}^{*}\) not by changing any of the inference rules of the system but simply by appropriately changing the notion of a provable formula.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyState Pedagogical UniversityKryvyi RihUkraine
  2. 2.Department of Philosophy IIRuhr-University BochumBochumGermany

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