Corporate Criminal Liability in Hungary

  • Ferenc SanthaEmail author
  • Szilvia Dobrocsi
Part of the Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice book series (IUSGENT, volume 9)


The aim of this article is to examine the present criminal liability of legal persons in Hungary. Firstly, the historical background and the codification process of the Act CIV of 2001 on the Criminal Measures Applicable to Legal Persons is shortly outlined. Second, a possible theoretical model of Hungarian corporate liability principles and its substantive features are introduced and discussed. Third, the questions of sanctioning and finally the issues of procedure will be analyzed with regard to the problems that have arisen in applying this special form of liability in practice.


Criminal Code Legal Person Criminal Proceeding Natural Person Legal Entity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Clinard, M.B. and P.C. Yeager (1980), Corporate Crime, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Dobrocsi, Sz. (2006), Bizonytalanságok és kérdőjelek – A jogi személy a büntetőeljárásban. (Uncertainties and Question Marks – The Legal Person in Criminal Procedure), doctoral thesis, Eötvös Loránd Science University, Budapest.Google Scholar
  3. Fantoly, Zs. (2007), A jogi személyek büntetőjogi felelőssége európai kitekintéssel (Criminal Liability of Legal Persons from European Perspectives), doctoral thesis, Szeged.Google Scholar
  4. Group of States against Corruption (2006), Second Evaluation Round: Evaluation Report on Hungary, March 10, 2006, Strasbourg.Google Scholar
  5. Heine, G. (1999), ‘Sanctions in the Field of Corporate Criminal Liability’, in: A. Eser, G. Heine, and B. Huber (eds.), Criminal Responsibility of Legal and Collective Entities, Freiburg i.Br., 237.Google Scholar
  6. Ligeti, K. (2003), ‘Hungarian National Report on Corruption and Related Offences in International Business Relations’, in: K. Ligeti (ed.), Young Penalist Conference on Corruption and Related Offences in International Business Relations, Budapest, 65.Google Scholar
  7. OECD (2003), Hungary: Review of Implementation of the Convention and the 1997 Recommendation, February 2000, Paris.Google Scholar
  8. OECD (2005), Hungary: Phase 2 Report on the Application of the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions and the 1997 Recommendation on Combating Bribery in International Business Transactions, May 2005, Paris.Google Scholar
  9. Pieth, M. and R. Ivory (2011), ‘Emergence and Convergence: Corporate Criminal Liability Principles in Overview’, in this volume.Google Scholar
  10. Santha, F. (2005), ‘Criminal Responsibility of Legal Persons in Hungary’, Publicationes Universitatis Miskolcinensis, Sectio Juridica et Politica, TOMUS XXIII/1.Google Scholar
  11. Sárközi, T. (2002), ‘Büntetőjogi intézkedések a jogi személlyel szemben’ (Criminal Penalties against Legal Persons), Magyar Jog 8, 449.Google Scholar
  12. Wiener, A.I. (2003), ‘A gazdasági vezetőknek a beosztottak bűncselekményéhez kapcsolódó büntetőjogi felelőssége’ (Criminal Liablility of Head of Business), Magyar Jog 12, 705.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of LawInstitute of Criminal Sciences, University of MiskolcMiskolcHungary
  2. 2.Department of Criminal Procedure Law and Law EnforcementKároli Gáspár Reformed UniversityBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations