Advertisement

Birds

  • Tim H. Sparks
  • Humphrey Q. P. Crick
  • Peter O. Dunn
  • Leonid V. Sokolov
Part of the Tasks for Vegetation Science book series (TAVS, volume 39)

Abstract

The Roman mosaic floor at Lullingstone, Kent, UK depicts the four seasons as human characters and having a barn swallow Hirundo rustica on her shoulder uniquely identifies spring. Thus, for almost 2000 years people have associated spring with the arrival of migratory birds. In the UK the (currently) oldest phenological record dates to 1703 and refers to the call of the cuckoo Cuculus canorus. It is hardly surprising then that the timing of bird activity is a productive area of phenological research.

Key words

Birds Climate change Migration Temperature Nesting 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References Cited

  1. Brown, J. L., S.-H. Li, and N. Bhagabati, Long-term trend toward earlier breeding in an American bird: A response to global warming?, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 97, 5565–5569, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Both, C., and M. E. Visser, Adjustment to climate change is constrained by arrival date in a long-distance migrant bird, Nature, 411, 296–298, 2001.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bradley, N. L., A. C. Leopold, J. Ross, and W. Huffaker, Phenological changes reflect climate change in Wisconsin, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), 96, 9701–9704, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Buse, A., S. J. Dury, R. J. W. Woodburn, C. M. Perrins, and J. E. G. Good, Effects of elevated temperature on multi-species interactions: the case of Pedunculate Oak, Winter Moth and Tits, Func. Ecol., 13(Suppl. 1), pp. 74–82, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crick, H. Q. P., C. Dudley, D. E. Glue, and D. L. Thomson, UK birds are laying eggs earlier, Nature 388, 526, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crick, H. Q. P., D. W. Gibbons, and R. D. Magrath, Seasonal variation in clutch size in British Birds, J. Animal Ecology, 62, 263–273, 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Crick, H. Q. P., and T. H. Sparks, Climate change related to egg-laying trends, Nature 399, 423–424, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dunn, P.O., and D. W. Winkler, Climate change has affected the breeding date of tree swallows throughout North America, Proc. Roy. Soc. London B, 266, 2487–2490, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ellegren, H., Timing of autumn migration in Bluethroats Luscinia s. svecica depends on timing of breeding, Ornis Fennica, 67, 13–17, 1990.Google Scholar
  10. Geen, G., Common Chiffchaff (Chiffchaff) Phylloscopus collybita, in The Migration Atlas: movements of the birds of Britain and Ireland, edited by C. V. Wernham, M. P. Toms, J. H. Marchant, J. A. Clark, G. M. Siriwardena, and S. R. Baillie, pp. 568–570, T. and A. D. Poyser, London, 2002.Google Scholar
  11. Gilyazov, A., and T. Sparks, Change in the timing of migration of common birds at the Lapland nature reserve (Kola Peninsula, Russia) during 1931–1999, Avian Ecology and Behavior, 8, 35–47, 2002.Google Scholar
  12. Huin, N., and T. H. Sparks, Arrival and progression of the Swallow Hirundo rustica through Britain, Bird Study, 45, 361–370, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Huin, N., and T. H. Sparks, Spring arrival patterns of the Cuckoo Cuculus canorus, Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos and Spotted Flycatcher Musciapa striata in Britain, Bird Study, 47, 22–31, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Inouye, D. W., B. Barr, K. B. Armitahe, and B. D. Inouye, Climate change is affecting altitudinal migrants and hibernating species, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), 97, 1630–1633, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jenkins, D., and A. Watson, Dates of first arrival and song of birds during 1974–99 in mid-Deeside, Scotland., Bird Study, 47, pp. 249–251, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Koike, S., and H. Higuchi, Long-term trends in the egg-laying date and clutch size of Red-cheeked Stalings Sturnia philippensis, Ibis, 144, 150–152, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kok, O. B., C. A. Van Ee, and D. G. Nel, Daylength determines departure date of the spotted flycatcher Muscicapa striata from its winter quarters, Ardea, 79, 63–66, 1991.Google Scholar
  18. Lack, D., Ecological adaptations for breeding in birds, Methuen, London, 409 pp., 1968.Google Scholar
  19. Loxton, R. G., and T. H. Sparks, Arrival of spring migrants at Portland, Skokholm, Bardsey and Calf of Man, Bardsey Observatory Report, 42, 105–143, 1999.Google Scholar
  20. Ludwichowski, I., Long-term changes of wing-length, body mass and breeding parameters in first-time breeding females of goldeneyes (Bucephala clangula clangula) in Northern Germany, Vogelwarte, 39, 103–116, 1997.Google Scholar
  21. Visser, M. E., A. J. van Noordwijk, J. M. Tinbergen, and C. M. Lessells, Warmer springs lead to mistimed reproduction in great tits (Parus major), Proc. Roy. Soc. London B., 265, 1867–1870, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Winkel, W., and H. Hudde, Long-term trends in reproductive traits of tits (Parus major, P.caeruleus) and Pied Flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca, J. Avian Biol., 28, 187–190, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Winkler, D.W., P. O. Dunn, and C. E. McCulloch, Predicting the effects of climate change on avian life-history traits, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA), 99, 13595–13599, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tim H. Sparks
    • 1
  • Humphrey Q. P. Crick
    • 2
  • Peter O. Dunn
    • 3
  • Leonid V. Sokolov
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Ecology and HydrologyMonks WoodUK
  2. 2.British Trust for OrnithologyThetfordUK
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Wisconsin- MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA
  4. 4.Russian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations