Advertisement

Human-Mediated Spread of Alien Crabs

  • Annette Brockerhoff
  • Colin McLay
Chapter
Part of the Invading Nature - Springer Series in Invasion Ecology book series (INNA, volume 6)

Abstract

The introduction and spread of alien species is now recognized as one of the most significant modifiers of biodiversity. In the absence of their normal predators and parasites, alien crabs often establish high population densities and tend to compete fiercely with local fauna for food and shelter. A total of 73 species of brachyuran and crab-like anomuran decapods are known as alien species, of which 48 (65.8%) have become established. Three groups stand out with their high number of alien species: namely the Portunoidea (swimming crabs, such as Carcinus maenas), Grapsoidea (shore crabs, such as Hemigrapsus takanoi) and Majioidea (spider crabs, such as Pyromaia tuberculata). Canals, ballast water and hull fouling are the primary vectors/routes by which crabs are spread. Transfer of crabs with shellfish, combined with the live seafood trade, are also important. The Mediterranean Sea has the highest number of alien brachyuran species as many have invaded through the Suez Canal, making the Mediterranean the meeting place of Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific faunas. We used egg size as an indicator of life history strategies and a comparison of established alien species with a matched control group of crabs shows that mean egg size of alien crabs is smaller, but it shows wide variation. The Erythrean invaders from the Red Sea are a representative sample of aliens that shows the same pattern even though their transfer agent was a canal rather than shipping. Deliberate transfers to establish new fisheries has been successful in some cases (e.g., Paralithodes camtschaticus to the Barents Sea), but some species are still expanding their range and so their ultimate effects are unknown. The impact of most aliens remains uncertain, but recent work on Hemigrapsus sanguineus provides an excellent model of the kind of experimental field work that needs to be done. The current focus of attention on coastal aliens has resulted in the unfortunate agreement, at the international level, that ballast water can be dumped with impunity on the high seas, without any knowledge of its impact.

Keywords

Alien Species White Spot Syndrome Virus Blue Crab Ballast Water Ovigerous Female 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the editors of this volume, Bella Galil and Paul Clark, for the invitation to contribute to the present volume and for their helpful guidance. We would also like to acknowledge the invaluable help of Professor Jim Carlton whose comments and sage advice greatly improved the chapter in so many ways.

References

  1. Abe K (1981) First record of the Dungeness crab, Cancer magister Dana from northern Japan. Res Crust 11:13–16Google Scholar
  2. Abele LG (1972) Introductions of two freshwater decapod crustaceans (Hymenosomatidae and Atyidae) into Central and North America. Crustaceana 23:209–218Google Scholar
  3. Abello P, Hispano C (2006) The capture of the Indo-Pacific crab Charybdis feriata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Brachyura: Portunidae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Aquat Invas 1:13–16Google Scholar
  4. Ahyong ST (2005) Range extension of two invasive crab species in eastern Australia: Carcinus maenas (Linneaus) and Pyromaia tuberculata (Lockington). Mar Poll Bull 50:460–462Google Scholar
  5. Alvarez F, Hines AH, Reaka-Kudla ML (1995) The effects of parasitism by the barnacle Loxothylacus panopaei (Gissler) (Cirripedia: Rhizocephala) on growth and survival of the host crab Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould) (Brachyura: Xanthidae). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 192:221–232Google Scholar
  6. Alvsvag J, Agnalt A-L, Jørstad KE (2009) Evidence for a permanent establishment of the snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) in the Barents Sea. Biol Invas 11:587–595Google Scholar
  7. Archdale MV, Kariyazono L, Anasco L (2006) The effect of two pot types on entrance rate and entrance behavior of the invasive Japanese swimming crab Charybdis japonica. Fish Res 77:271–274Google Scholar
  8. Aronson RB, Thatje S, Clarke A, Peck LS, Blake DB, Wilga CD, Seibel BA (2007) Climate change and invasibility of the Antarctic benthos. Ann Rev Ecol Evol Syst 38:129–154Google Scholar
  9. Asakura A (1992) Recent introductions of marine benthos into Tokyo Bay (Review): process of invasion into an urban ecosystem with discussion on the factors inducing their successful introduction. J Chiba Nat Hist Mus Inst 2:1–14Google Scholar
  10. Asakura A, Watanabe S (2005) Hemigrapsus takanoi, new species, a sibling species of the common Japanese intertidal crab H. penicillatus (Decapoda: Brachyura: Grapsoidea). J Crust Biol 25:279–292Google Scholar
  11. Balkis H, Çeviker D (2003) A new exotic crab species [Calappa hepatica (Linnaeus, 1978)] for the Mediterranean fauna. Isr J Zool 49:320–321Google Scholar
  12. Behrens Yamada S, Gillespie GE (2008) Will the European green crab (Carcinus maenas) persist in the Pacific Northwest? ICES J Mar Sci 65:725–729Google Scholar
  13. Benson A (2005) Non-indigenous species information bulletin: Asian shore crab, Japanese shore crab, Pacific crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus (De Haan) (Arthropoda: Grapsidae). http://fl.biology.usgs.gov/Nonindigenous_Species/Asian_shore_crab/asian_shore_crab.html. Accessed 1 November 2009
  14. Bianchi CN (2007) Biodiversity issues for the forthcoming tropical Mediterranean Sea. Hydrobiologia 580:7–21Google Scholar
  15. Bouvier EL (1901) Sur un Callinectes sapidus M. Rathbun trouvé à Rochefort. Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat Paris 7:16–17Google Scholar
  16. Bouvier EL (1940) Decapodes Marcheurs. Faune de France 37:1–404Google Scholar
  17. Breton G, Faasse M, Noël P, Vincent T (2002) A new alien crab in Europe: Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Decapoda: Brachyura: Grapsidae). J Crust Biol 22:184–189Google Scholar
  18. Brock VE (1960) The introduction of aquatic animals into Hawaiian waters. Internat Rev Ges Hydrobiol 45:463–480Google Scholar
  19. Brockerhoff A (2004) Occurrence of the internal parasite Portunion sp. (Isopoda: Entoniscidae) and its effect on reproduction in intertidal crabs (Decapoda: Grapsidae) from New Zealand. J Parasitol 90:1338–1344Google Scholar
  20. Brockerhoff A, McLay CL (2008) No frontiers in the sea for marine invaders and their parasites? (Research Project ZBS2004/09). Biosecurity New Zealand Technical Paper 2008/10: 1–111. http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/about-us/our-publications/technical-papers#sea-marine-invaders
  21. Brousseau DJ, Baglivo JA (2005) Laboratory investigation of food selection by the Asian shore crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus: algal versus animal preference. J Crust Biol 25:130–134Google Scholar
  22. Brousseau DJ, Filipowicz A, Baglivo JA (2001) Laboratory investigations of the effects of predation sex and size on prey selection by the Asian shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 262:199–210Google Scholar
  23. Cabal J, Millán JAP, Arronte JC (2006) A new record of Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from the Cantabrian Sea, Bay of Biscay, Spain. Aquat Invas 1:186–187Google Scholar
  24. Campos NH, Türkay M (1989) On a record of Charybdis hellerii from the Caribbean coast of Columbia. Senckenberg Marit 20:119–123Google Scholar
  25. Cannicci S, Gomei M, Boddi B, Vannini M (2002) Feeding habits and natural diet of the intertidal crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus: opportunistic browser or selective feeder? Estuar Coast Shelf S 54:983–1001Google Scholar
  26. Cannicci SL, Garcia L, Galil BS (2006) Racing across the Mediterranean – first record of Percnon gibbesi (Crustacea: Decapoda: Grapsidae) in Greece. JMBA2 (e-journal)Google Scholar
  27. Carlton JT (1996) Pattern, process, and prediction in marine invasion ecology. Biol Conserv 78:97–106Google Scholar
  28. Carlton JT, Cohen AN (2003) Episodic global dispersal in shallow water marine organisms: the case history of the European shore crabs Carcinus maenas and C. aestuarii. J Biogeogr 30:1809–1820Google Scholar
  29. Carlton JT, Eldredge LG (2009) Marine bioinvasions of Hawaii: the introduced and cryptogenic marine and estuarine animals and plants of the Hawaiian archipelago. Bish Mus Bull Cult Envir Stud 4:1–202Google Scholar
  30. Carlton JT, Geller J (1993) Ecological roulette: the global transport of nonindigenous marine organisms. Sci NY 261:78–82Google Scholar
  31. Castilla JC, Neill PE (2009) Chapter 26: Marine bioinvasions in the Southeastern Pacific: status, Ecology, economic impacts, conservation and management. In: Rilov G, Crooks JA (eds) Biological invasions in marine ecosystems. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 439–457Google Scholar
  32. Castilla JC, Uribe M, Bahamonde N, Clarke M, Desqueyroux-Faundez R, Kong I, Moyano H, Rozbaczylo N, Santelices B, Valdovinos C, Zavala P (2005) Down under the southeastern Pacific: marine non-indigenous species in Chile. Biol Invas 7:213–232Google Scholar
  33. Catta JD (1876) Note sur quelques crustacés erratiques. Ann Sci Nat Zool Paleont Biol Anim, Paris (6) 3:1–33Google Scholar
  34. Udekem d’Acoz Cd’ (1999) Inventaire et distribution des crustaces decapodes de l’Atlantique nord-oriental, de la Mediterranean et des eaux continentales adjacentes au nord de 25 N. Patr Nat (Mus Natl Hist Nat/Serv Patr Nat Paris) 40:1–383Google Scholar
  35. Chapman JW, Miller TW, Coan EV (2003) Live seafood species as recipies for invasion. Cons Biol 17:1386–1395Google Scholar
  36. CIESM (2008) CIESM Atlas of exotic crustaceans in the Mediterranean. http://www.ciesm.org/atlas/index.html
  37. Clark PF, Rainbow PS, Robbins RS, Smith B, Yeomans WE, Thomas M, Dobson G (1998) The alien Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis (Crustacea; Decapoda: Brachyura), in the Thames catchment. J Mar Biol Ass UK 78:1215–1221Google Scholar
  38. Clark PF, Mortimer DH, Law RJ, Averns JM, Cohen BA, Wood D, Rose MD, Fernandes AR, Rainbow PS (2009) Dioxin and PCB contamination in Chinese mitten crabs: human consumption as a control mechanism for an invasive species. Environ Sci Technol 43:1624–1629Google Scholar
  39. Cohen AN (2003) On mitten crabs and lung flukes. IEP Newsletter 16:48–51Google Scholar
  40. Cohen AN (2006) Crab nabbed – circumstances fishy. West coast crustacean found in Atlantic waters. Massachusetts Institute of Technology: News Office. August 2006Google Scholar
  41. Cohen AN, Carlton JT (1995) Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in a United States Estuary: a case study of the Biological Invasions of the San Francisco Bay and Delta. Washington, United States Fish and Wildlife Service and The National Sea Grant College Program Connecticut Sea Grant:228Google Scholar
  42. Cohen AN, Carlton JT (1997) Transoceanic transport mechanisms: introduction of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis, to California. Pac Sci 51:1–11Google Scholar
  43. Cohen AN, Carlton JT (1998) Accelerating invasion rate in a highly invaded estuary. Sci NY 279:555–558Google Scholar
  44. Cohen AN, Weinstein A (2001) The potential distribution of Chinese mitten crabs (Eriocheir sinensis) in selected waters of the Western United States with U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Facilities. Tracy Fish Coll Facil Stud 21:1–61Google Scholar
  45. Cohen AN, Carlton JT, Fountain MC (1995) Introduction, dispersal and potential impacts of the green crab Carcinus maenas in San Francisco Bay, California. Mar Biol 122:225–237Google Scholar
  46. Colautti RI, Grigorovich IA, MacIsaac HJ (2006) Propagule pressure: a null model for biological invasions. Biol Invas 8:1023–1037Google Scholar
  47. Coles SL, Eldredge LG (2002) Nonindigenous species introductions on coral reefs: a need for information. Pac Sci 56:191–209Google Scholar
  48. Coles SL, DeFelice RC, Eldredge LG, Carlton JT (1999) Historical and recent introductions of non-indigenous marine species into Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaiian Island. Mar Biol 135:147–158Google Scholar
  49. Corsini Foka M, Kondilatos G (2006) On the occurrence of two brachyurans, Myra sugranulata and Herbestia condyliata, on Rhodes Island (SE Aegean Sea). Crustaceana 79:167–174Google Scholar
  50. Coutts AD, Moore KM, Hewitt CL (2003) Ships’ sea-chests: an overlooked transfer mechanism for non-indigenous marine species? Mar Poll Bull 46:1510–1515Google Scholar
  51. Cranfield HJ, Gordon DP, Willan RC, Marshall BA, Battershill CN, Francis MP, Nelson WA, Glasby CJ, Read GB (1998) Adventive marine species in New Zealand. NIWA Technical Report 34. p 48Google Scholar
  52. Cresswell PD, Marsden IM (1990) Morphology of the feeding apparatus of Cancer novaezelandiae in relation to diet and predatory behaviour. Pac Sci 44:384–400Google Scholar
  53. Cripe GM, McKennedy CL, Hoglund MD, Harris PS (2003) Effects of fenoxycarb exposure exposure on complete larval development of xanthid crab, Rhithropanopeus harrisii. Environ Poll 125:295–299Google Scholar
  54. Crocetta F (2006) First record of Portunus pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) in the northern Tyrrhenian Sea. Crustaceana 79:1145–1148Google Scholar
  55. Crocetta F, Colamonaco G (2008) Percnon gibbesi (Crustacea: Decapoda) and Aplysia dactylomela (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Taranto Gulf (Italy, Ionian Sea): new populations incoming. JMBA2 – Biodiv Rec 6465:1–4Google Scholar
  56. Cuesta JA, Schubart CD (1998) Morphological and molecular differentiation between three allopatric populations of the littoral crab Pachygrapsus transversus (Gibbes, 1850) (Brachyura: Grapsidae). J Natl Hist 32:1499–1508Google Scholar
  57. DAISIE (2009) Handbook of alien species in Europe, vol 3, Springer series in invasion ecology. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 1–400Google Scholar
  58. Dartnall AJ (1969) New Zealand sea stars in Tasmania. Pap Proc R Soc Tas 103:53–55Google Scholar
  59. Dauvin J-C (2008) New record of the marbled crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus (Crustacea: Brachyura: Grapsoidea) on the coast of northern Cotentin, Normandy, western English Channel. JMBA2 – Biodiv Rec 6405:1–3Google Scholar
  60. Dauvin J-C, Tous Rius A, Ruellet T (2009) Recent expansion of two invasive crabs species Hemigrapsus sanguineus (de Haan, 1835) and H. takanoi Asakura and Watanabe 2005 along the Opal Coast, France. Aquat Invas 4:451–465Google Scholar
  61. Davie PJF (2002) Crustacea: Malacostraca: Eucarida (Part 2): Decapoda – Anomura, Brachyura. In: Wells A, Houston WWK (eds) Zoological catalogue of Australia. CSIRO, Melbourne, p 641, 19.3 B: xivGoogle Scholar
  62. De Melo GAS (1983) A ocorrência no litoral brasileiro de um Portunidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura), originário do Indo-Pacifico. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 1:159–167Google Scholar
  63. De Melo GAS, Crivelaro TB (2002) First occurrence of Polybius navigator (Herbst) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) in Western Atlantic. Rev Bras Zool 19:233–238Google Scholar
  64. DeFelice RC, Eldredge LG, Carlton JT (2001) Nonindigenous invertebrates. In: Eldredge LG, Smith CM (eds) A guidebook of introduced marine species in Hawai’i. Bishop Museum Technical Report 21, pp B1–B60Google Scholar
  65. Delaney DG, Sperling CD, Adams CS, Leung B (2008) Marine invasive species: validation of citizen science and implications for national monitoring networks. Biol Invas 10:117–128Google Scholar
  66. DeRivera CE, Ruiz GM, Hines AH, Jivoff P (2005) Biotic resistance to invasion: native predators limits abundance and distribution of introduced crab. Ecology 86:3364–3376Google Scholar
  67. Deudero S, Frau A, Cerda M, Hampel H (2005) Distribution and densities of the decapod crab Percnon gibbesi, an invasive Grapsidae, in western Mediterranean waters. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 285:151–156Google Scholar
  68. Dineen JE, Clark PF, Hines AH, Reed SA, Walton HP (2001) Life history, larval description, and natural history of Charybdis hellerii (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae), an invasive crab in the western Atlantic. J Crust Biol 21:774–805Google Scholar
  69. Dittel AI, Epifanio CE (2009) Invasion biology of the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis: a brief review. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 374:79–82Google Scholar
  70. Dodgshun T, Coutts A (2003) Opening the lid on sea chests. Seafood NZ 11:35Google Scholar
  71. Dutton CD, Conroy C (1998) Effects of burrowing Chinese mitten crabs (Eriocheir sinensis) on the Thames Tideway. Environment Agency ReportGoogle Scholar
  72. Dvoretsky AG, Dvoretsky VG (2009) Limb autotomy patterns in Paralithodes camtschaticus (Tilesius, 1815), an invasive crab, in the coastal Barents Sea. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 377:20–27Google Scholar
  73. Edmondson CH (1954) Hawaiian Portunidae. Bern P Bish Mus Occas Pap 21:217–274Google Scholar
  74. Edmondson CH, Wilson IH (1940) The shellfish resources of Hawaii. P Sixth Pac Sci Congress (1939) 3:241–243Google Scholar
  75. Eldredge LG (1994) Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands. South Pacific Commission (Noumea, New Caledonia), Inshore Fisheries Research Project, Technical Document 7, 127 ppGoogle Scholar
  76. Eldredge LG (1995) First record of the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) in Hawaii (Decapoda: Brachyura). Occ Pap Bernice P Bishop Mus 42:55–57Google Scholar
  77. Elkrwe HM, Elhawaj HM, Galil BS, ben Abdallah A (2008) The first record of Percnon gibbesi (H. Milne Edwards, 1853) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Plagusiidae) from the southern rim of the Mediterranean. Aquat Invas 3:243–245Google Scholar
  78. Enzenross R, Enzenross L (1995) Erstnachweise indopazifischer Brachyura (Crustacea: Decapoda) von der türkischen Mittelmeerküste. Stuttg Beitr Naturk Ser A (Biol) 521:1–4Google Scholar
  79. Enzenross R, Enzenross L (2000) Nichtmediterrane Crustacea-arten in Tunisischen gewassern (Decapoda, Macrura und Brachyura). Crustaceana 73:187–195Google Scholar
  80. Enzenross R, El Abed A, Enzenross L (1997) Nouvelles mentions de crustacés d’origine non méditerranéenne dans les eaux du Golfe des Gabès (Tunisie). Bull Inst natn Scient Tech Océanogr Pêche, Salammbô 24:1–9Google Scholar
  81. Epifanio CE, Dittel AI, Schwalm S PS, Fouts A (1998) Early life history of Hemigrapsus sanguineus, a non-indigenous crab in the middle Atlantic Bight (USA). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 170:231–238Google Scholar
  82. Falciai L (2003) First record of Menaethius monoceros (Latreille, 1825) (Decapoda, Majidae) in the central Tyrrhenian Sea. Crustaceana 75:1279–1283Google Scholar
  83. Ferreira CEL, Gonçalves JEA, Coutinho R (2006) Ship hulls and oil platforms as potential vectors to marine species introduction. J Coastal Res 39:1341–1346Google Scholar
  84. Flores AAV, Paula J (2002) Population dynamics of the shore crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus (Brachyura: Grapsidae) in the central Portuguese coast. J Mar Biol Ass UK 82:229–241Google Scholar
  85. Fonseca DB, Sainte-Marie B, Hazel F (2008) Longevity and change in shell condition of adult male snow crab Chionoecetes opilio inferred from dactyl wear and mark–recapture data. Trans Am Fish Soc 137:1029–1043Google Scholar
  86. Forward RB, Lohman KJ (1983) Control of egg hatching in the crab Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould). Biol Bull 165:154–166Google Scholar
  87. Fox HM (1924) The migration of a Red Sea crab through the Suez Canal. Nature 113:714–715Google Scholar
  88. Freeman A, Byers JE (2006) Divergent induced responses to an invasive predator in marine mussel populations. Sci NY 313:831–833Google Scholar
  89. Fridley JD, Stachowicz JJ, Naeem D, Sax DF, Seabloom EW, Smith MD, Stohlgren TJ, Tilman D, von Holle B (2007) The invasion paradox: reconciling pattern and process in species invasions. Ecology 88:3–17Google Scholar
  90. Froglia C, Speranza S (1993) First record of Dyspanopeus sayi (Smith, 1869) in the Mediterranean Sea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Xanthidae). Quad Ist Ric Pesca Marit 5:163–166Google Scholar
  91. Fukui Y (1988) Comparative studies on the life history of the grapsid crabs (Crustacea, Brachyura) inhabiting intertidal cobble and boulder shores. Publ Seto Mar Biol Lab 33:122–162Google Scholar
  92. Furota T (1990) Population structure of the introduced spider crab Pyromaia tuberculata in the innermost region of Tokyo Bay. Benthic Res 39:1–7Google Scholar
  93. Furota T (1996a) Life cycle studies on the introduced spider crab Pyromaia tuberculata (Lockington) (Brachyura: Majidae). I. Egg and larval stages. J Crust Biol 16:71–76Google Scholar
  94. Furota T (1996b) Life cycle studies on the introduced spider crab Pyromaia tuberculata (Lockington) (Brachyura: Majidae). II. Crab stage and reproduction. J Crust Biol 16:77–91Google Scholar
  95. Furota T, Furuse K (1988) Distribution of the introduced spider crab, Pyromaia tuberculata, along the coast of Japan. Benthic Res 33(34):75–78Google Scholar
  96. Furota T, Kinoshita K (2004) Life histories of introduced crabs, the majid Pyromaia tuberculata and the portunid Carcinus aestuarii, in Tokyo Bay and their adaptability to seasonal hypoxia caused by organic pollution. Jap J Benthic 59:96–104Google Scholar
  97. Furota T, Watanabe S, Watanabe T, Akiyama S, Kinoshita K (1999) Life history of the Mediterranean green crab, Carcinus aestuarii Nardo, in Tokyo Bay, Japan. Crust Res 28:5–15Google Scholar
  98. Galil BS (2000) Halimede tyche (Herbst, 1801) (Decapoda; Xanthoidea; Halimedinae) from the Mediterranean coast of Israel, with a review of the genus. J Crust Biol 20:325–331Google Scholar
  99. Galil BS (2004) Carupa tenuipes Dana, 1851: an Indo-Pacific swimming crab new to the Mediterranean (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae). Crustaceana 77:249–251Google Scholar
  100. Galil BS (2005) Dorippe quadridens (Decapoda, Dorippidae) – first record of an alien dorripid in the Mediterranean Sea. Crustaceana 78:497–498Google Scholar
  101. Galil BS (2006) A rare record of Hyastenus hilgendorfi de Man, 1887 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Majidae) from the Levant. Aquat Invas 1:284–285Google Scholar
  102. Galil BS (2007) Loss or gain? Invasive aliens and biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea. Mar Poll Bull 55:314–322Google Scholar
  103. Galil BS (2009) Taking stock: inventory of alien species in the Mediterranean Sea. Biol Invas 11:359–372Google Scholar
  104. Galil BS, Golani D (1990) Two new migrant decapods from eastern Mediterranean. Crustaceana 58:229–236Google Scholar
  105. Galil BS, Innocenti G (1999) Notes on the population structure of the portunid crab Charybdis longicollis Leene, parasitized by the rhizocephalan Heterosaccus dollfusi Boschma, off the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Bull Mar Sci 64:451–463Google Scholar
  106. Galil BS, Kevrekidis K (2002) Exotic decapods and a stomatopod off Rhodes Island (Greece) and the Eastern Mediterranean Transient. Crustaceana 75:925–930Google Scholar
  107. Galil BS, Zenetos A (2002) A sea change: exotics in the Eastern Mediterranean. In: Leppakoski E, Olenin S, Gollasch S (eds) Invasive aquatic species of Europe: distributions, impacts & management. Kluwer, Dordorecht, pp 325–336Google Scholar
  108. Galil BS, Clark PF, Ng PKL, Falcia L (2006) Actumnus globulus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pilumnidae) – another Erythrean pilumnid in the Mediterranean Sea. JMBA2 Biodiv Rec 5307:1–4Google Scholar
  109. Garcia-Raso JE (1993) New record of another African species of Crustacea Decapoda, Cycloes cristata (Brulleé) from European and Mediterranean waters. Bios 1:215–221Google Scholar
  110. Geller JB, Walton ED, Grosholz ED, Ruiz GM (1997) Cryptic invasions of the crab Carcinus detected by molecular phylogeography. Mol Ecol 6:901–906Google Scholar
  111. Gerard VA, Cerrato RM, Larson AA (1999) Potential impacts of a western Pacific grapsid crab on intertidal communities of the north-western Atlantic Ocean. Biol Invas 1:353–361Google Scholar
  112. Gilbey V, Attrill MJ, Coleman RA (2008) Juvenile Chinese mitten crabs (Eriocheir sinensis) in the Thames Estuary: distribution, movement and possible interactions with the native crab Carcinus maenas. Biol Invas 10:67–77Google Scholar
  113. Goddard JHR, Torchin ME, Kuris AM, Lafferty KD (2005) Host specificity of Sacculina carcini, a potential biological control agent of the introduced European green crab Carcinus maenas in California. Biol Invas 7:895–912Google Scholar
  114. Gollasch S (1999) The Asian decapod Hemigrapsus penicillatus (de Haan, 1835) (Grapsidae, Decapoda) introduced in European waters: status quo and future prospective. Helgoländer Meeresunters 52:359–366Google Scholar
  115. Gollasch S, Haydar D, Minchin D, Wolff WJ, Reise K (2009) Chapter 29: Introduced aquatic species of the North Sea Coasts and adjacent Brackish Waters. In: Rilov G, Crooks JA (eds) Biological invasions in marine ecosystems. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 507–528Google Scholar
  116. Gómez O, Martinez-Iglesias JM (1990) Reciente hallazgo de la especie indopacifica Charybdis hellerii (A. Milne Edwards, 1867) (Crustaceana: Deccapoda: Protunidae) em agues Cubans. Carib J Sci 26:70–72Google Scholar
  117. Gopurenko D, Hughes JM, Bellchambers LM (2003) Colonisation of the south-west Australian coastline by mud crabs: evidence for a recent range expansion or human-induced translocation? Mar Freshw Res 54:833–840Google Scholar
  118. Grabowski M, Jazdzenewski K, Konopacka A (2005) Alien Crustacea in Polish waters – introduction and Decapoda. Oceanol Hydrobiol Stud Suppl 34:43–61Google Scholar
  119. Griffen BD, Byers JE (2009) Community impacts of two invasive crabs: the interactive roles of density, prey recruitment, and indirect effects. Biol Invas 11:927–940Google Scholar
  120. Griffiths CL, Robinson TB, Mead A (2009) Chapter 23, The status and distribution of marine alien species in South Africa. In: Rilov G, Crooks JA (eds) Biological invasions in marine ecosystems. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 393–408Google Scholar
  121. Grippa GB (1982) First record of Leucosia signata Paulson, 1875 from the South-Western Turkish Coast (Decapoda, Brachyura, Leucosiidae). Quad Lab Tecnol Pesca 3:335–338Google Scholar
  122. Grosholz ED (2002) Ecological and evolutionary consequences of coastal invasions. Trends Ecol Evol 17:22–27Google Scholar
  123. Grosholz ED, Ruiz GM (1996) Predicting the impact of introduced species: lessons from the multiple invasions of the European green crab. Biol Conserv 78:59–66Google Scholar
  124. Grosholz ED, Ruiz GM (2003) Biological invasions drive size increases in marine and estuarine invertebrates. Ecol Lett 6:700–705Google Scholar
  125. Gruvel A (1928) Répartition géographique de quelques crustacés comestibles sur les côtes d’Égypte et de Syrie. C R Soc Biogéogr 5:45–46Google Scholar
  126. Guinot D, Macpherson E (1987) Revision du genre Pilumnoides Lucas, 1844 avec description de quatre especes nouvelles et creation de Pilumnoidinae subfam. nov. (Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura). Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat Paris 4 ser 9:211–247Google Scholar
  127. Gust N, Inglis GJ (2006) Adaptive multi-scale sampling to determine an invasive crab’s habitat usage and range in New Zealand. Biol Invas 8:339–353Google Scholar
  128. Hamer JP, McCollin TA, Lucas IAN (1998) Viability of decapod larvae in ship’s ballast water. Mar Poll Bull 36:646–647Google Scholar
  129. Hanson E, Sytsma M (2008) The potential for mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853 (Crustacea: Brachyura) invasion of Pacific Northwest and Alaskan Estuaries. Biol Invas 10:603–614Google Scholar
  130. Hartnoll RG (1992) Megalopae and early postlarval stages of east African Percnon (Decapoda: Brachyura: Grapsidae). J Zool Lond 228:51–67Google Scholar
  131. Hasan H, Noël PY (2008) First record of Thalamita indistincta Apel & Spiridonov, 1998 (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) in the Mediterranean. Crustaceana 81:247–252Google Scholar
  132. Hayes KR, Sliwa C (2003) Identifying potential marine pests – a deductive approach applied to Australia. Mar Poll Bull 46:91–98Google Scholar
  133. Hayes KR, Cannon R, Neill K, Inglis G (2005) Sensitivity and cost considerations for the detection and eradication of marine pests in ports. Mar Poll Bull 50:823–834Google Scholar
  134. Herborg L-M, Rushton SP, Clare AS, Bentley MG (2005) The invasion of the Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) in the United Kingdom and its comparison to continental Europe. Biol Invas 7:959–968Google Scholar
  135. Hernández G, Bolaňos J (1995) Additions to the anomuran and brachyuran fauna of northeastern Venezuela. The Crustacean Society, Summer meeting, 25–27 May 1995 (Abstract)Google Scholar
  136. Hewitt CL (2003) Marine biosecurity issues in the world oceans: global activities and Australian directions. Ocean Yearbook 17:193–212Google Scholar
  137. Hewitt CL, Willing J, Bauckham A, Cassidy AM, Cox CMS, Jones L, Wotton DM (2004) New Zealand marine biosecurity: delivering outcomes in a fluid environment. NZ J Mar Freshw 38:429–438Google Scholar
  138. Hewitt CL, Everett RA, Parker N (2009) Chapter 19, Examples of current international, regional and national egulatory frameworks for preventing and managing marine bioinvasions. In: Rilov G, Crooks JA (eds) Biological invasions in marine ecosystems. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 335–352Google Scholar
  139. Hidalgo FJ, Baron PJ, Orensanz JM (2005) A prediction come true: the green crab invades the Patagonian coast. Biol Invas 7:547–552Google Scholar
  140. Hill BJ (1994) Offshore spawning by the portunid crab Scylla serrata (Crustacea: Decapoda). Mar Biol 120:379–384Google Scholar
  141. Hill J, Fowler DL, van Den Avyle MJ (1989) Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Mid-Atlantic) – Blue crab. U.S. Fish Wildl Serv Biol Rep 82:1–18Google Scholar
  142. Hines AH (1982) Allometric constraints and variables of reproductive effort in brachyuran crabs. Mar Biol 69:309–320Google Scholar
  143. Hines AH (1992) Constraint on reproductive output in brachyuran crabs: pinnotherids test the rule. Am Zool 32:503–511Google Scholar
  144. Høeg JT, Glenner H, Shields JD (2005) Cirripedia Thoracica and Rhizocephala (barnacles). In: Rohde K (ed) Marine Parasitology. CABI/CSIRO, Wallingford/CollingwoodGoogle Scholar
  145. Hoestlandt H (1948) Recherches sur la biologie de l’Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne-Edwards (Crustacés Brachyoure). Annls Inst océanogr 24:1–116Google Scholar
  146. Hollebone AL, Hay ME (2007) Population dynamics of the non-native crab Petrolisthes armatus invading the South Atlantic Bight at densities of thousands m2. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 336:211–223Google Scholar
  147. Hollebone AL, Hay ME (2008) An invasive crab alters interaction webs in a marine community. Biol Invas 10:347–358Google Scholar
  148. Holthuis LB (1956) Notes on a collection of Crustacea Decapoda from the Great Bitter Lake, Egypt, with a list of the species of Decapoda known from the Suez Canal. Zool Meded Leiden 34:301–330Google Scholar
  149. Holthuis LB, Gottlieb E (1956) Two interesting crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) from Mersin Bay, SE Turkey. Zool Meded Leiden 34:287–299Google Scholar
  150. Holthuis LB, Gottlieb E (1958) An annotated list of the decapod Crustacea of the Mediterranean Coast of Israel, with an appendix listing the Decapoda of the Eastern Mediterranean. B Res Counc Isr 18(1–15):110–126Google Scholar
  151. Huh SH, An YR (1998) Seasonal variation of crab (Crustacea: Decapoda) community in the eelgrass (Zostera marina) bed in Kwangyang Bay Korea. J Korean Fish Soc 31:535–544Google Scholar
  152. Hunt CE, Behrens Yamada S (2003) Biotic resistance experienced by an invasive crustacean in a temperate estuary. Biol Invas 5:33–43Google Scholar
  153. Hutchings PA, Hilliard RW, Coles SL (2002) Species introductions and potential for marine pest invasions into tropical marine communities, with special references to the Indo-Pacific. Pac Sci 56:223–233Google Scholar
  154. Ingle RW, Andrews JM (1976) Chinese mitten crab reappears in Britain. Nature 263:638Google Scholar
  155. Ingle RW, Clark PF (2006) First reported occurrences of the marbled crab, Pachygrapsus marmoratus (Crustacea: Brachyura: Grapsoidea) in southern coastal waters of the British Isles. JMBA2 – Biodiv Rec 5245:1–5Google Scholar
  156. Innocenti G, Galil BS (2007) Modus vivendi: invasive host/parasite relations—Charybdis longicollis Leene, 1938 (Brachyura: Portunidae) and Heterosaccus dollfusi Boschma, 1960 (Rhizocephala: Sacculinidae). Hydrobiologia 590:95–101Google Scholar
  157. Iseda M, Otani M, Kimura T (2007) First record of an introduced crab Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Crustacea: Brachyura: Panopeidae) in Japan. Jap J Benthol 62:39–44Google Scholar
  158. ISSG (Invasive species specialist group): http://www.issg.org/database/
  159. Javed M, Mustaquim J (1994) New record of an acorn barnacle, Chelonibia patula (Cirripedia, Thoracica) from Pakistan. Crustaceana 66:124–126Google Scholar
  160. Jensen K, Knudsen J (2005) A summary of alien marine benthic invertebrates in Danish waters. Oceanol Hydrobiol Stud 34(suppl 1):137–162Google Scholar
  161. Jensen GC, McDonald PS, Armstrong DA (2002) East meets west: competitive interactions between green crab Carcinus maenas, and native and introduced shore crabs Hemigrapsus spp. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 225:251–262Google Scholar
  162. Jewett SC, Onuf CP (1988) Habitat suitability index models: Red king crab. US Fish Wildl Ser Biol Rep, National Wetlands Research Center, Slidell. Louisiana, 82 (10.153), p 34Google Scholar
  163. Jiang W, Meng T, Chen R, Wei S (1998) Diet of Charybdis japonica (A. Milne-Edwards) and Portunus trituberculatus (Miers) in the Bohai Sea. Mar Fish Res/Haiyan Shuichan Yanjiu 19:53–59Google Scholar
  164. Jørgensen LL (2004) Report of the Working Group on Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms (WGITMO). ICES Adv Comm Mar Envir ACME 05:125–147Google Scholar
  165. Jørgensen LL (2005) Impact scenario for an introduced decapod on Arctic epibenthic communities. Biol Invas 7:949–957Google Scholar
  166. Jørgensen LL (2006) NOBANIS – Invasive Alien Species Fact Sheet – Paralithodes camtschaticus. – From: Online Database of the North European and Baltic Network on Invasive Alien Species – NOBANIS www.nobanis.org, Accessed 25 Sept 2009
  167. Jørgensen LL, Primicerio R (2007) Impact scenario for the invasive red king crab Paralithodes camtschaticus (Tilesius, 1815) (Reptantia, Lithodidae) on Norwegian, native, epibenthic prey. Hydrobiologia 590:47–54Google Scholar
  168. Kennedy VS, Cronin LE (2007) The Blue Crab Callinectes sapidus. Maryland Sea Grant College, MarylandGoogle Scholar
  169. Kimura T, Iwasaki K, Okoshi K, Kosuge T (2004) The present status of marine alien benthos in Japan, based on a survey of collections in museums and aquaria. Jap J Benthol 59:58–67Google Scholar
  170. Klassen G, Locke A (2007) A biological synopsis of the European green crab, Carcinus maenas. Can Manuscr Rep Fish Aquat Sci 2818: vii  +  75Google Scholar
  171. Knuckey IA (1996) Maturity in male mud crabs, Scylla serrata, and the use of mating scars as a functional indicator. J Crust Biol 16:487–495Google Scholar
  172. Kobayashi S (2001) Fecundity of the Japanese mitten crab Eriocheir japonica (de Haan). Benthos Res 56:1–7Google Scholar
  173. Kobayashi S, Matsuura S (1995) Reproductive ecology of the Japanese mitten crab Eriocheir japonicus (De Haan) in its marine phase. Benthos Res 49:15–28Google Scholar
  174. Kolar CS, Lodge DM (2001) Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. Trends Ecol Evol 16:199–204Google Scholar
  175. Kon T (1996) Overview of tanner crab fisheries around the Japanese archipelago. High Latitude Crabs: biology, management and economics. University of Alaska, FairbanksGoogle Scholar
  176. Kopin CY, Epifanio CE, Nelson S, Stratton M (2001) Effects of chemical cues on metamorphosis of the Asian shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus, an invasive species on the Atlantic coast of North America. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 265:141–151Google Scholar
  177. Ksiunin G, Galil BS (2004) A new record of an Indo-West Pacific crab (Crustacea: Decapoda) from the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Isr J Zool 49:316–317Google Scholar
  178. Kuzmin S, Olsen S, Gerasimova O (1996) Barents Sea king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus): transplantation experiments were successful. High Latitude Crabs: Biology, Management and Economics. Fairbanks, Alaska, University of Alaska Seagrant College Progress Report. AK-SG-96-02: 649–663Google Scholar
  179. Le Roux PJ, Branch GM, Joska MAP (1990) On the distribution, diet and possible impact of the invasive European shore crab Carcinus maenas (L.) along the South African coast. S Afr J Mar Sci 9:85–93Google Scholar
  180. League-Pike PE, Shulman MJ (2009) Intraguild predators: behavioral changes and mortality of the Green crab (Carcinus maenas) during interactions with the American lobster (Homarus americanus) and Jonah crab (Cancer borealis). J Crust Biol 29:350–355Google Scholar
  181. Lemaitre R (1995) Charybdis hellerii (Milne Edwards, 1867) a non-indigenous portunid crab (Crustacea Decapoda: Brachyura) discovered in the Indian River lagoon system of Florida. P Biol Soc Wash 108:643–648Google Scholar
  182. Lewinsohn CH, Holthuis LB (1964) New record of decapod Crustacea from the Mediterranean coast of Israel and the Eastern Mediterranean. Zool Meded Leiden 40:45–63Google Scholar
  183. Lohrer AM, Whitlach RB (2002) Relative impacts of two exotic brachyuran species on blue mussel populations in Long Island Sound. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 227:135–144Google Scholar
  184. Lohrer AM, Fukui Y, Wada K, Whitlach RB (2000a) Structural complexity and vertical zonation of intertidal crabs, with focus on habitat requirements of the invasive Asian shore crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus (de Haan). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 244:203–217Google Scholar
  185. Lohrer AM, Whitlach RB, Wada K, Jukui Y (2000b) Home and away: comparison of resource utilization by a marine species in native and invaded habitats. Biol Invas 2:41–57Google Scholar
  186. Lowe S, Browne M, Boudjelas S (2000) 100 of the world’s worst invasive alien species: A selection from the Global Invasive Species database. The World Conservation Union (IUCN). Electronic version available at: www.issg.org/booklet.pdf
  187. Maciolek JA, Timbol AS (1981) Environmental features and macrofauna of Kahana Estuary, Oahu, Hawaii. Bull Mar Sci 31:712–722Google Scholar
  188. Macpherson E (1991) Biogeography and community structure of the decapod crustacean fauna off Namibia (Southeast Atlantic). J Crust Biol 11:401–415Google Scholar
  189. Maeda M, Itami T, Furumoto A, Hennig O, Imamura T, Kondo M, Hirono I, Aoki T, Takahashi Y (1998) Detection of penaeid rod-shaped DNA virus (PRDV) in wild-caught shrimp and other crustaceans. Fish Pathol 33:381–387Google Scholar
  190. Manning RB, Holthuis LB (1981) West African brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda). Smithson Contr Zool 306:1–379Google Scholar
  191. Mantelatto FLM, Dias LL (1999) Extension of the known distribution of Charybdis hellerii (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867) (Decapoda, Portunidae) along the western tropical South Atlantic. Crustaceana 72:617–620Google Scholar
  192. Mantelatto FLM, Garcia RB (2001) Biological aspects of the non-indigenous portunid crab Charybdis hellerii in the western tropical South Atlantic. Bull Mar Sci 68:469–477Google Scholar
  193. Marchand LJ (1946) The saber crab, Platychirograpsus typicus Rathbun, in Florida: a case of accidental dispersal. Q J Fla Acad Sci 9:93–100Google Scholar
  194. McDermott JJ (1991) A breeding population of the western Pacific crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Grapsidae) established on the Atlantic coast of North America. Biol Bull 181:195–198Google Scholar
  195. McDermott JJ (1998) The western Pacific brachyuran Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Grapsidae) in its new habitat along the Atlantic coast of the United States: geographic distribution and ecology. ICES J Mar Sci 55:289–298Google Scholar
  196. McDermott JJ (2007) Ectosymbionts of the non-indigenous Asian shore crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Decapoda: Varunidae), in the western north Atlantic, and a search for parasites. J Nat Hist 41:2379–2396Google Scholar
  197. McDonald PS, Jensen GC, Armstrong DA (2001) The competitive and predatory impacts of the non-indigenous crab Carcinus maenas (L.) on early benthic phase Dungeness crab Cancer magister Dana. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 258:39–54Google Scholar
  198. McDonald JA, Roudez R, Glover T, Weis JS (2007) The invasive green crab and Japanese shore crab: behavioural interactions with a native crab species, the blue crab. Biol Invas 9:837–848Google Scholar
  199. McEnnulty RF, Jones TE, Bax NJ (2001) The web-based rapid response toolbox. (crimp.Marine.csiro.au/nimpis/controls.htm)
  200. McLay CL (1988) Brachyura and crab-like Anomura of New Zealand. Leigh Laboratory Bulletin No. 22. Leigh Marine Laboratory, University of Auckland, AcklandGoogle Scholar
  201. McLay CL (2004) Invasive crabs in New Zealand. Ecdysiast 23:21Google Scholar
  202. McLay CL (2009) New records of crabs (Decapoda: Brachyura) from the New Zealand region, including a new species of Rochinia A. Milne-Edwards, 1875 (Majidae), and a revision of the genus Dromia Weber, 1795 (Dromiidae). Zootaxa 2111:1–66Google Scholar
  203. Miller AW, Ruiz GM (2009) Chapter 8, Differentiating successful and failed invaders: species pools and the importance of defining vector, source and recipient regions. In: Rilov G, Crooks JA (eds) Biological invasions in marine ecosystems. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 153–170Google Scholar
  204. Mingkid WM, Akiwa S, Watanabe S (2006a) Morphological characteristics, pigmentation, and distritubion of the sibling penicillate crabs, Hemigrapsus penicillatus (De Haan, 1835) and H. takanoi Akakura & Watanabe, 2005 (Decapoda, Brachyura, Grapsidae) in Tokyo Bay. Crustaceana 79:1107–1121Google Scholar
  205. Mingkid WM, Yokota M, Watanabe S (2006b) Salinity tolerance of larvae in the penicillate crab Hemigrapsus takanoi (Decapoda: Brachyura: Grapsidae). Mer 43(44):17–21Google Scholar
  206. Mizzan L (1993) Presence of swimming crabs of the genus Callinectes (Stimpson) (Decapoda, Portunidae) in the Venice Lagoon (North Adriatic Sea – Italy). First record of Callinectes danae Smith in European waters. Boll Mus Civ St Nat Venezia 42:31–43Google Scholar
  207. Muraoka K, Taguchi M (1992) On the blue crab Callinectes sapidus Rathbun obtained from Sagami Bay. Res Crust 21:169–172Google Scholar
  208. Nehring S, Speckels G, Albersmeyer J (2008) The American blue crab Callinectes sapidus Rathbun on the German North Sea coast: status quo and further perspectives. Senckenberg Marit 38:39–44Google Scholar
  209. Ng PKL (1998) Crabs. In: Carpenter KE, Nieu VH (eds) Living marine resources of the western Central Pacific: FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes: cephalopods, crustaceans, holothurians and sharks. Food & Agriculture Organisation, RomeGoogle Scholar
  210. Ng PKL, Guinot D, Davie PJF (2008) Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant brachyuran crabs of the world. Raffles Bull Zool 17:1–286Google Scholar
  211. Noël PY, Tardy E, Udekem d’Acoz Cd’ (1997) Will the crab Hemigrapsus penicillatus invade the coasts of Europe? C R Acad Sci Paris Ser III (Sci de la Vie) 320:741–745Google Scholar
  212. O’Connor NJ (2007) Stimulation of molting in megalopae of the Asian shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus: physical and chemical cues. Mar Ecol-Prog Ser 352:1–8Google Scholar
  213. Ojaveer H, Gollasch S, Jaanus A, Kotta J, Laine AO, Minde A, Normant M, Panov VE (2007) Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis in the Baltic Sea – a supply-side invader? Biol Invas 9:409–418Google Scholar
  214. Oliveira E, Masunari S (2006) Distribuição temporal de densidade de Aporobopyrus curtatus (Richardson) (Crustacea, Isopoda, Bopyridae), um parasito de Petrolisthes armatus (Gibbes) (Crustacea, Anomura, Porcellanidae) na Ilha do Farol, Matinhos, Paraná, Brasil. Rev Bras Zool 23:1188–1195Google Scholar
  215. Orensanz JM, Schwindt E, Pastorino G, Bortolus A, Casas G, Darrigran G, Elıas R, Lopez Gappa JJ, Obenat S, Pascual M, Penchaszadeh P, Piriz ML, Scarabino F, Spivak ED, Vallarino EA (2002) No longer the pristine confines of the world ocean: a survey of exotic marine species in the southwestern Atlantic. Biol Invas 4:115–143Google Scholar
  216. Orlov YI, Ivanov BG (1978) On the introduction of the Kamchatka king crab Paralithodes camtschatica (Decapoda: Anomura: Lithodidae) into the Barents Sea. Mar Biol 48:373–375Google Scholar
  217. Owen J (2003) Eat the invading alien crabs urge, U.K. scientists. National Geographic Online (http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/11/1113_031113_mittencrabs.html)
  218. Panning A (1939) The Chinese mitten crab. Ann Rep Smiths Inst [1938] 3508:361–375Google Scholar
  219. Paulay G (2007) Metopograpsus oceanicus (Crustacea: Brachyura) in Hawaii and Guam: another recent invasive? Pac Sci 61:295–300Google Scholar
  220. Peters N (1933) Lebenskundlicher Teil. In: Peters N, Panning A, Schnakenbeck W (eds) Die chinesische Wollhandkrabbe (Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne-Edwards) in Deutschland. Zoologischer Anzeiger, Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H, Leipzig, pp 59–155Google Scholar
  221. Poore GCB (2004) Marine Decapod Crustacea of Southern Australia. A guide to identification. CSIRO, CollingwoodGoogle Scholar
  222. Poupin J, Davie PJF, Cexus J-C (2005) A revision of the genus Pachygrapsus Randall, 1840 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Grapsidae), with special reference to the southwest Pacific species. Zootaxa 1015:1–66Google Scholar
  223. Puccio V, Relini M, Azzurro E (2003) Osservazioni sulla riproduzione di Percnon gibbesi (H. Milne Edwards, 1853) nelle isole pelagie (Sicilia). Biol Mar Medit 10:267–272Google Scholar
  224. Puccio V, Relini M, Azzuro E, Relini O (2006) Feeding habits of Percnon gibbesi (H. Milne Edwards, 1853) in the Sicily Strait. Hydrobiologia 557:79–84Google Scholar
  225. Puebla O, Sevigny J-M, Sainte-Marie B, Brethes JC, Burmeister AD, Dawe EG, Moriyasu M (2008) Population genetic structure of the snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) at the northwest Atlantic scale. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 65:425–436Google Scholar
  226. Ramadan SE, Dowidar NM (1972) Brachyura (Decapoda Crustacea) from the Mediterranean waters of Egypt. Thalassia Jugoslavica 8:127–139Google Scholar
  227. Relini M, Mori M (1979) Due reperti mediterranei di Thalamita gloriensis Crosnier, 1962 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Portunidae). Oebalia 5:7–13Google Scholar
  228. Relini M, Orsi L, Puccio V, Azzarro E (2000) The exotic crab Percnon gibbesi (H. Milne Edwards, 1853) (Decapoda, Grapsidae) in the Central Mediterranean. Sci Mar 64:337–340Google Scholar
  229. Roche DG, Torchin ME (2007) Established population of the North American Harris mud crab, Rhithropanopeous harrisii (Gould, 1841) (Crustacea: Brachyura: Xanthidae) in the Panama Canal. Aquat Invas 2:155–161Google Scholar
  230. Roche DG, Torchin ME, Leung B, Binning SA (2009) Localized invasion of the North American Harris mud crab, Rhithropanopeus harrisii, in the Panama Canal: implications for eradication and spread. Biol Invas 11:983–993Google Scholar
  231. Rodriguez G, Suarez H (2001) Anthropogenic dispersal of decapod crustaceans in aquatic environments. Intersciencia 26:282–288Google Scholar
  232. Rudnick DA, Hieb K, Grimmer KF, Resh VH (2003) Patterns and processes of biological invasion: the Chinese mitten crab in San Francisco Bay. J Basic Appl Ecol 4:249–262Google Scholar
  233. Rudnick DAT, Veldhuizen T, Tullis R, Culver C, Hieb K, Tsukimura B (2005) A life history model for the San Francisco Estuary population of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis (Decapoda: Grapsoidea). Biological Invasions 7:333–350Google Scholar
  234. Ruiz GM, Fofonoff PW, Carlton JT, Wonham MJ, Hines AH (2000) Invasion of coastal marine communities in North America: apparent patterns, processes, and biases. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 31:481–531Google Scholar
  235. Ruiz GM, Fegley L, Fofonoff P, Cheng Y, Lemaitre R (2006a) First records of Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Varunidae) for Chesapeake Bay and the mid-Atlantic coast of North America. Aquat Invas 1:137–142Google Scholar
  236. Ruiz GM, Lorda J, Arnwine A, Lion K (2006b) Shipping patterns associated with the Panama Canal: effects on biotic exchange? In: Gollasch S, Galil BS, Cohen AN (eds) Bridging Divides. Maritime canals as invasion corridors. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 113–126Google Scholar
  237. Sainte-Marie B, Gosselin T, Sévigny J-M, Urbani N (2008) The snow crab mating system: opportunity for natural and unnatural selection. Bull Mar Sci 83:131–161Google Scholar
  238. Sakai T (1971) Notes from the carcinological fauna of Japan (IV). Res Crust 415:138–149Google Scholar
  239. Sakai T (1976) Crabs of Japan and the adjacent seas. Kodansha Ltd, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  240. Schubart CD (2003) The East Asian shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Brachyura: Varunidae) in the Mediterranean Sea: an independent human-mediated introduction. Sci Mar 67:195–200Google Scholar
  241. Sciberras M, Schembri PJ (2008) Biology and interspecific interactions of the alien crab Percnon gibbesi in the Maltese Islands. Mar Biol Res 4:321–332Google Scholar
  242. Secord D (2003) Biological control of marine invasive species: cautionary tales and land-based lessons. Biol Invas 5:117–131Google Scholar
  243. Shinji J, Strussmann CA, Wilder MN, Watanabe S (2009) Short-term responses of the adults of the common intertidal crab, Hemigrapsus takanoi (Decapoda: Brachyura: Grapsoidea) at different salinities: osmoregulation, oxygen consumption, and ammonia excretion. J Crust Biol 29:269–272Google Scholar
  244. Siddiqui G, Ahmed M (1992) Fecundities of some marine brachyuran crabs from Karachi (Pakistan). Pakistan J Zool 24:43–45Google Scholar
  245. Silva IC, Hawkins SJ, Paula J (2009) A comparison of population differentiation in two shore crab species with contrasting distribution along the Portuguese coast, using two morphological methodologies. Mar Freshw Res 60:833–844Google Scholar
  246. Sliwa C, Migus S, McEnnulty F, Hayes KR (2009) Chapter 25, Marine bioinvasions in Australia. In: Rilov G, Crooks JA (eds) Biological invasions in marine ecosystems. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 425–437Google Scholar
  247. Smith LD (2009) Chapter 10, The role of phenotypic plasticity in marine biological invasions. In: Rilov G, Crooks JA (eds) Biological invasions in marine ecosystems. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 177–202Google Scholar
  248. Smith PJ, Webber WR, McVeagh IGJ, Gust N (2003) DNA and morphological identification of an invasive swimming crab, Charybdis japonica, in New Zealand waters. NZ J Mar Freshw 37:753–762Google Scholar
  249. Steinberg MK, Epifanio CE, Andon A (2007) A highly specific chemical cue for the metamorphosis of the Asian shore crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 347:1–7Google Scholar
  250. Steinitz W (1929) Die Wanderung indopazifischer Arten ins Mittelmeer seit Begin der Quartärperiode. Int Revue ges Hydrobiol Hydrogr 22:1–90Google Scholar
  251. Stephenson W, Hudson JJ, Campbell B (1957) The Australian portunids (Crustacean: Portunidae). II. The genus Charybdis. Aust J Mar Freshw Res 8:491–507Google Scholar
  252. Števčić Z, Galil BS (1994) Checklist of the Mediterranean brachyuran crabs. Acta Adriat 34(1/2):65–76Google Scholar
  253. Strauss SY, Lau JA, Carroll SP (2006) Evolutionary responses of natives to introduced species: what do introductions tell us about natural communities? Ecol Lett 9:357–374Google Scholar
  254. Strayer DL, Eviner VT, Jeschke JM, Pace ML (2006) Understanding the long-term effects of species invasions. Trends Ecol Evol 21:645–651Google Scholar
  255. Streftaris N, Zenetos A, Papathanassiou E (2005) Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European Seas. Oceanogr Mar Biol 43:419–453Google Scholar
  256. Sumpton W (1990) Biology of the rock crab Charybdis natator (Herbst) (Brachyura: Portunidae). Bull Mar Sci 46:425–431Google Scholar
  257. Sundet JH, Berenboim B (2008) Research on the red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) from the Barents Sea in 2005-2007 IMR (Institute of Marine Research) – PIRNO (Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography) Joint Report Series. Bergren 3:1–74Google Scholar
  258. Tavares MS (2003) On Halicarcinus planatus (Fabricius) (Brachyura, Hymenosomatidae) transported from Chile to Brazil along with the exotic oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg). Nauplius, Rio Grande 11:45–50Google Scholar
  259. Tavares MS, de Melo GAS (2004) Discovery of the first known benthic invasive species in the Southern Ocean: the North Atlantic spider crab Hyas araneus found in the Antarctic Peninsula. Antarct Sci 16:129–131Google Scholar
  260. Tavares MS, Mendonça JB Jr (1996) Charybdis hellerii (A. Milne Edwards, 1867) (Brachyura: Portunidae), eighth non-indigenous marine decapod recorded from Brazil. Crust Res 25:151–157Google Scholar
  261. Thatje S, Anger K, Calcagano JA, Lovrich GA, Portner H-O, Arntz WE (2005) Challenging the cold: crabs reconquer the Antarctic. Ecology 86:619–625Google Scholar
  262. Thessalou-Legaki M, Zenetos A, Kambouroglou V, Corsini-Foka M, Kouraklis P, Dounas C, Nicolaidou A (2006) The establishment of the invasive crab Percnon gibbesi (H. Milne Edwards, 1853) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Grapsidae) in Greek waters. Aquat Invas 1:133–136Google Scholar
  263. Thomson GM (1922) The Naturalisation of Animals and Plants in New Zealand. Cambridge University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  264. Thomson GM, Anderton T (1921) History of the Portobello Marine Fish-Hatchery and Biological Station. Bull Bd Sci Art NZ 2:1–131Google Scholar
  265. Thresher RE, Kuris AM (2004) Options for managing invasive marine species. Biol Invas 6:295–300Google Scholar
  266. Thresher RE, Werner M, Hoeg T, Svane I, Glenner H, Murphy E, Wittwer C (2000) Developing the options for managing marine pests: specificity trials on the parasitic castrator, Sacculina carcini, against European green crab, Carcinus maenas, and related species. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 254:37–51Google Scholar
  267. Thresher RE, Proctor C, Ruiz G, Gurney R, MacKinnon C, Walton W, Rodriguez L, Bax N (2003) Invasion dynamics of the European shore crab, Carcinus maenas, in Australia. Mar Biol 142:867–876Google Scholar
  268. Torchin ME, Lafferty KD (2009) Chapter 11, Escape from parasites. In: Rilov G, Crooks JA (eds) Biological invasions in marine ecosystems. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 204–213Google Scholar
  269. Torchin ME, Lafferty KD, Kuris AM (1996) Infestation of an introduced host, the European green crab, Carcinus maenas, by a symbiotic nemerteans egg predator, Carcinonemertes epialti. J Parasitol 82:449–453Google Scholar
  270. Torchin ME, Lafferty KD, Kuris AM (2001) Release from parasites as natural enemies: increased performance of a globally introduced marine crab. Biol Invas 3:333–345Google Scholar
  271. Torchin ME, Lafferty KD, Kuris AM (2002) Parasites and marine invasions. Parasitology 124:S137–S151Google Scholar
  272. Torchin ME, Lafferty KD, Dobson AP, McKenzie VJ, Kuris AM (2003) Introduced species and their missing parasites. Nature 421:628–630Google Scholar
  273. Turoboyski K (1973) Biology and ecology of the crab Rhithropanopeus harrisii ssp. tridentatus. Mar Biol 23:303–313Google Scholar
  274. Van Dover CL, Williams AB (1991) Egg size in squat lobsters (Galatheoidea): constraint and freedom. In: Wenner AM, Kuris A (eds) Crustacean egg production, vol 7, Crustacean issues. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 143–156Google Scholar
  275. Veilleux E, de Lafontaine Y (2007) Biological synopsis of the Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis). Can Manuscr Rep Fish Aquat Sci 2812:vi  +  45pGoogle Scholar
  276. Wang C, Zue L, Liu F, Pan J (1996) The preliminary study on reproductive biology of Charybdis japonica (A. Milne Edwards). J Zhejiang Coll Fish 15:261–266Google Scholar
  277. Wang C, Li S, Fu C, Gong X, Huang L, Song X, Zhao Y (2009) Molecular genetic structure and evolution in native and colonized populations of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis. Biol Invas 11:389–399Google Scholar
  278. Webber WR, Wear RG (1981) Life history studies on New Zealand Brachyura. 5. Larvae of the family Majidae. NZ J Mar Freshw 15:331–383Google Scholar
  279. Wee DPC, Ng PKL (1995) Swimming cabs of the genera Charybdis de Haan, 1833, and Thalamita Latreille, 1829 (Crustacea; Decapoda: Brachyura: Portunidae) from Peninsula Malaysia and Singapore. Raffles Bull Zool Suppl 1:1–127Google Scholar
  280. White EM, Wilson JC, Clarke AR (2006) Biotic indirect effects: a neglected concept in invasion biology. Diversity Distrib 12:443–455Google Scholar
  281. Wieczorek SK, Hooper RG (1995) Relationship between diet and food availability in the snow crab Chionoecetes opilio (O. Fabricius) in Bonne Bay, Newfoundland. J Crust Biol 15:236–247Google Scholar
  282. Williamson M, Fitter A (1996) The varying issues of invaders. Ecology 77:1661–1666Google Scholar
  283. Wolff WJ (2005) Non-indigenous marine and estuarine species in The Netherlands. Zool Meded Leiden 79:1–116Google Scholar
  284. Yeo DCJ, Ahyong ST, Lodge DM, Ng PKL, Naruse T, Lane DJW (2009). Semisubmersible oil platforms: understudied and potentially major vectors of biofouling-mediated invasions. Biofouling 26:179–186Google Scholar
  285. Yokes B, Galil BS (2006) Touchdown – first record of Percnon gibbesi (H. Milne Edwards, 1853) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Grapsidae) from the Levantine coast. Aquat Invas 1:130–132Google Scholar
  286. Yokes MB, Karhan SU, Okus E, Yüksek A, Aslan-Yilmaz A, Yilmaz N, Demirel N, Demir V, Galil BS (2007) Alien crustacean decapods from the Aegean coast of Turkey. Biol Invas 2:162–168Google Scholar
  287. Zaouali J, Ben Souissi J, Galil BS, Udekem d’Acoz Cd’, Ben Abdallah A (2007) Grapsoid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) new to the Sirte Basin, southern Mediterranean Sea – the roles of vessel traffic and climate change. JMBA-2 Biodiv Rec 5770:4 pGoogle Scholar
  288. Zenetos A, Cinar ME, Pancucci-Papadopoulou MA, Harmelin JG, Furnari G, Andaloro F, Bellou N, Streftaris N, Zibrowius H (2005) Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterr Mar Sci 6:63–118Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesCanterbury UniversityChristchurchNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations