Advertisement

An Incoming Flood on a Cryptic Stage: Understanding Alien Crustacean Invasions in Southeast Asia

  • Darren C. J. Yeo
  • James T. Carlton
  • Serena L. M. Teo
  • Peter K. L. Ng
Chapter
Part of the Invading Nature - Springer Series in Invasion Ecology book series (INNA, volume 6)

Abstract

Despite being both an ancient center of trade and now one of the world’s busiest ports, few marine invasions, and no alien marine or estuarine crustaceans, are reported from Singapore. This study proposes that a large number of alien species in Singapore specifically, and in Southeast Asia in general, may be overlooked, due to our lack of historical knowledge of the biota. This is illustrated with a list of 127 species of crabs that occur in Singapore but whose aboriginal distributions could have been impacted by human-mediated vectors. Biofouling, ballast water, and the ornamental and live seafood trade now serve to bring in a large number of alien species into Singapore: these, in turn, set the stage for future invasions and management concerns.

Keywords

Marine Invasions Alien species Cryptogenic species Crustacea Cirripedia Stomatopoda Decapoda Brachyura Southeast Asia Singapore 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Bella Galil and Paul Clark for the kind invitation and opportunity to contribute this article to the present volume.

References

  1. Apte S, Holland BS, Godwin LS, Gardner PA (2000) Jumping ship: a stepping stone event mediating transfer of a non-indigenous species via a potentially unsuitable environment. Biol Invas 2:75–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carlton JT (1996) Pattern, process, and prediction in marine invasion ecology. Biol Cons 78:97–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carlton JT (2009) Deep invasion ecology and the assembly of communities in historical time. In: Rilov G, Crooks JA (eds) Biological invasions in marine ecosystems. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 13–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carlton JT, Eldredge LG (2009) Marine bioinvasions of Hawai‘i: The introduced and cryptogenic marine and estuarine animals and plants of the Hawaiian archipelago. Bishop museum bulletin in cultural and environmental studies 4. Bishop Museum Press, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  5. Coles SL, DeFelice RC, Eldredge LG, Carlton JT (1997) Biodiversity of marine communities in Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii with observations on introduced exotic species. Bishop museum technical report no. 10. Bishop Museum Press, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  6. Connelly NA, O’Neill CR Jr, Knuth BA, Brown TL (2007) Economic impacts of zebra mussels on drinking water treatment and electric power generation facilities. Envir Man 40:105–112Google Scholar
  7. Coutts ADM, Dodgshun TJ (2007) The nature and extent of organisms in vessel sea-chests: a protected mechanism for marine bioinvasions. Mar Poll Bull 54:875–886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Davidson IC, Brown CW, Sytsma MD, Ruiz GM (2009) The role of containerships as transfer mechanisms of marine biofouling species. Biofouling 25:645–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Drake JM, Lodge DM (2004) Global hotspots of biological invasions: evaluating options for ballast–water management. Proc R Soc B 271:575–580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Drake JM, Lodge DM (2007a) Rate of species introductions in the great lakes via ships’ ballast water and sediments. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 64:530–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Drake JM, Lodge DM (2007b) Hull fouling is a risk factor for intercontinental species exchange in aquatic ecosystems. Aquat Invas 2:121–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Edmondson CH (1952) Additional central pacific crustaceans. Occ Pap Bernice P Bishop Mus 21:67–86Google Scholar
  13. Floerl O, Inglis GJ, Dey K, Smith A (2009) The importance of transport hubs in stepping stone invasions. J Appl Ecol 46:37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fofonoff PW, Ruiz GW, Steves B, Carlton JT (2003) In ships or on ships? Mechanisms of transfer and invasion for nonnative species to the coasts of North America. In: Ruiz GM, Carlton JT (eds) Invasive species: vectors and management strategies. Island Press, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  15. Galil BS (2004) Carupa tenuipes Dana, 1851: an Indo-Pacific swimming crab new to the Mediterranean (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae). Crustaceana 77:249–251Google Scholar
  16. Gollasch S (2002) The importance of ship fouling as a vector of species introductions into the North Sea. Biofouling 18:105–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hilliard R, Raaymakers S (1997) Ballast water risk assessment for 12 Queensland ports, Stage 5: Executive summary and synthesis of results. EcoPorts Monograph Series No 14Google Scholar
  18. Hilliard R, Hutchings PA, Raaymakers S (1997) Ballast water risk assessment for 12 Queensland ports, Stage 4: Review of candidate risk biota. EcoPorts Monograph Series No 13Google Scholar
  19. Hutchings PA, Hilliard RW, Coles SL (2002) Species introductions and potential for marine pest invasions into tropical marine communities, with special reference to the Indo-Pacific. Pacif Sci 56:223–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. International Maritime Organization (IMO) (2006) International shipping and world trade. Facts and figures. http://www.imo.org/includes/blastDataOnly.asp/data_id=13865/InternationalShippingandWorldTrade-factsandfigures.pdf Accessed 8 July 2010
  21. Jiao L (2010) Unprecedented excavation brings maritime silk road to life. Science NY 328:424–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kaluza P, Kölzsch A, Gastner MT, Blasius B (2010) The complex network of global cargo ship movements. J Royal Soc Interface 7:1093–1103. Published online 19 January 2010. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2009.0495Google Scholar
  23. Lee AC, Liao LM, Tan KS (2009) New records of marine algae on artificial structures and intertidal flats in coastal waters of Singapore. In: Tan KS (ed) Fourteenth international marine biology workshop 2006: The marine flora and fauna of Singapore, Suppl 22. Raffles Bull Zool, Singapore, pp 5–40Google Scholar
  24. Lewis JA, Watson C, ten Hove HA (2006) Establishment of the Caribbean serpulid tubeworm Hydroides sanctaecrucis Krøyer [in] Mörch, 1863, in Northern Australia. Biol Invas 8:1387–3547Google Scholar
  25. Lim SC, de Voogd NJ, Tan KS (2009) Fouling sponges (Porifera) on navigation buoys from Singapore waters. In: Tan KS (ed) Fourteenth international marine biology workshop 2006: The marine flora and fauna of Singapore, Suppl 22. Raffles Bull Zool, Singapore, pp 41–58Google Scholar
  26. Marine Port Authority of Singapore (MPA), 2009. Port statistics. http://www.mpa.gov.sg/sites/global_navigation/publications/port_statistics/port_statistics.page Accessed 2 December 2009
  27. Miksic JN (2000) Recent archaeological excavations in Singapore: a comparison of three fourteenth-century sites. Bull Indo Pac Prehistory Ass 20:56–61Google Scholar
  28. Minchin D, Gollasch S (2003) Fouling and ships’ hulls: how changing circumstances and spawning events may result in the spread of exotic species. Biofouling 19:111–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mineur F, Johnson MP, Maggs CA, Stegenga H (2007) Hull fouling on commercial ships as a vector of macroalgal introduction. Mar Biol 151:1299–1307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ministry of National Development (2009) A Fishy business? Definitely! Singapore’s ornamental fish industry grows from strength to strength. MNDlink July 2009. Ministry of National Development, Singapore, Online: http://www.mnd.gov.sg/MNDLink/2009/2009_Jul/AVA_article.htm Accessed 13 April 2010Google Scholar
  31. Morton B, Tan KS (2006) Brachidontes striatulus (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) introduced into Singapore. Raffles Bull Zool 54:435–439Google Scholar
  32. Pancucci-Papadopoulou MA, Corsini-Foka M, Tsiamis K, Kalogirou S (2009) The occurrence of Carupa tenuipes Dana, 1851 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Portunidae) from Rhodos Island (SE Aegean Sea, Greece). Aquat Invas 4:713–714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ricciardi AR, Neves J, Rasmussen JB (1998) Impending extinctions of North American freshwater mussels (Unionidae) following the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) invasion. J Anim Ecol 67:613–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ruiz GM, Fofonoff PW, Carlton JT, Wonham MJ, Hines AH (2000) Invasion of coastal marine communities in North America: apparent patterns, processes, and biases. Rev Ecol Syst 31:481–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Singapore Department of Statistics (2009) Yearbook of statistics Singapore, 2009. Department of Statistics, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Republic of Singapore, p 310, Available online at: http://www.singstat.gov.sg/pubn/reference/yos09/yos2009.pdf Accessed 13 April 2010Google Scholar
  36. Smith PJ, Webber WR, McVeagh SM, Inglis GJ, Gust N (2003) DNA and morphological identification of an invasive swimming crab, Charybdis japonica, in New Zealand waters. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 37:753–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tan SH, Low MEY (eds) (2009) Crustacean Supplement II. Raffles Bull Zool Suppl 20(i):1–307Google Scholar
  38. Tan KS, Morton B (2006) The invasive caribbean bivalve Mytilopsis sallei (Dreissenidae) introduced to Singapore and Johore Bahru, Malaysia. Raffles Bull Zool 54:429–434Google Scholar
  39. Tan SH, Ng PKL (eds) (2007) Crustacean Supplement I. Raffles Bull Zool Suppl 16(i–iii):1–357Google Scholar
  40. Tan BC, Tan KS (2003) Singapore. In: Pallewatta N, Reaser JK, Gutierres AT (eds) Invasive Alien Species in South-Southeast Asia. Proceedings of Prevention and Management of Invasive Alien Species. The Global Species Invasive Programme, Thailand. 2003, pp 1–5Google Scholar
  41. Tan HTW, Chou LM, Yeo DCJ, Ng PKL (2010) The natural heritage of Singapore, 3rd edn. Pearson Prentice Hall, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  42. United Nations Conference on Trade And Development (UNCTAD) (2009) Review of Maritime Transport 2009. UNCTAD/RMT/2009. United Nations Publication, New York and GenevaGoogle Scholar
  43. Wee DPC, Ng PKL (1995) Swimming crabs of the genera Charybdis de Haan, 1833, and Thalamita. Latreille, 1829 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Portunidae) from Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Raffles Bull Zool, Suppl 1:1–128Google Scholar
  44. Yeo DCJ, Ahyong ST, Lodge DM, Ng PKL, Naruse T, Lane DJW (2009) Semisubmersible oil platforms: understudied and potentially major vectors of biofouling-mediated invasions. Biofouling 26:179–186. doi:10.1080/08927010903402438, Available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927010903402438 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Yeo DCJ, Chia CSW (2010) Introduced species in Singapore: an overview. Cosmos 6:23–37Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darren C. J. Yeo
    • 1
  • James T. Carlton
    • 2
  • Serena L. M. Teo
    • 3
  • Peter K. L. Ng
    • 4
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Maritime Studies ProgramWilliams College-Mystic SeaportMysticUSA
  3. 3.Tropical Marine Science InstituteNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  4. 4.Department of BiologicalNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations