Advertisement

New Representations on the Nature of Stromatolites

  • Evgenia Leonidovna Sumina
  • Dmitryi Leonidovich Sumin
Chapter
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 18)

Abstract

According to fossil records stromatolites are known to have existed since 3.5 billion years ago. They are considered a product of the interaction of life (microorganisms) with the sediments. The use of stromatolites for stratigraphic purposes indicates their complexity in column forms and time-controlled variation in morphology. Such results are in contrast to the theory of the low-level integrity of the cyanobacterial community as an individual microorganic settlement. In some cases microorganic settlements cannot be distinguished by their stability and succession to total morphological characters over whole geological periods.

Keywords

Stromatolites Cyanobacteria Filaments Morphogenesis Organism Skeleton 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Professor V.C. Tewari and Professor J. Seckbach, editors of the book, for inviting us to contribute this chapter. Review comments and suggestions from Professor Vinod C. Tewari were very useful to improve the chapter. The work was supported by the grant RFBR No. 080400484.

References

  1. Barskov, I.S. (1984) Paleontological aspects of biomineralization. Reports 27 Intern. Geol. Congress. Section C.02. 2. Moscow: 61–66 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Black, M. (1933) The algal sediments of Andros island, Bahamas. Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. Ser. B. 222: 165–192.Google Scholar
  3. Dingelshtedt, N.N. (1935) To a question on an origin dolomite and about age thicknesses of Southern Urals Mountains. Ann. Russ. Miner. Soc. 64(2): 43–51 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  4. Hofmann, H.J. (2000) Archean stromatolites as microbial archives, In: R.E. Riding and S.M. Awramik (eds.) Microbial Sediments. Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 315–326.Google Scholar
  5. Keller, B.M. (1966) Divisions uniform stratigraphic scales Precambrian. Rep. Acad. Sci. USSR. 171(6): 1405–1408 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  6. Komar, V.A. (1966) Stromatolites of Upper Precambrian Adjournment of the North of the Siberian Platform and their Stratigraphic Value. M. Publishing, Ann Arbor, p. 122 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  7. Korolyuk, I.K. (1956) Some stromatolites from Cambrian of the Irkutsk amphitheater. Proc. Inst. Oil Acad. Sci. USSR. 7: 51–59 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  8. Krylov, I.N. (1963) Columnar Branching Stromatolites from Riphean Adjournment of Southern Urals Mountains and Their Importance for Stratigraphic Upper Precambrian. M. Publishing, Ann Arbor, p. 133 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  9. Kupriyanova, E.V., Markelova, A.G., Lebedeva, N.V., Gerasimenko, L.M., Zavarzin, G.A. and Pronina, N.A. (2004) Carboanhydrasa alkalophilic cyanobacteria Microcoleus chthonoplastes. Microbiology 73(3): 307–311 (in Russian).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lowenstam, H. (1984) Processes and products of a biomineralization and evolution of a biomineralization. Reports 27 Intern. Geol. Congress. Section C.02., 2. Moscow: 51–56 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  11. Menner, V.V. (1962) Biostratigraphic bases of comparison of sea, lagoon and continental retinues. Proc. Geol. Inst. 65: 375 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. Orleanskij, V.K. and Raaben, M.E. (1996) Laboratory model analogue of oncoid and stromatolite. Algology 6(1): 57–61.Google Scholar
  13. Orleanskij, V.K. and Raaben, M.E. (1997) Laboratory model analogue of non-actively branching columnar stromatolites. Algology 7(2): 185–188 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  14. Semikhatov, M.A. (1962) Riphean and Lower Cambrian of the Yenisei Range. M. Publishing House, Ann Arbor, pp. 192–228 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  15. Semikhatov, M.A. and Raaben, M.E. (1996) Dynamics of a global variety of stromatolites. Proterozoic Clause 2. Africa, Australia, Northern America and the general synthesis. Stratigr. Geol. Correl. 4(1): 26–55 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  16. Semikhatov, M. and Raaben, M. (2000) Proterozoic stromatolite taxonomy and biostratigraphy, In: R.E. Riding and S.M. Awramik (eds.) Microbial Sediments. Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 295–306.Google Scholar
  17. Sumina, E.L. (2005) To a question on the nature of stromatolites. Paleobiology and detailed strati­graphy of Phanerozoic. To the 100 anniversary from the date of birth of Acad. V.V.Mennera. M.: the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, 20–26 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  18. Sumina, E.L. (2006) Behavior of filamentous cyanobacteria in laboratory culture. Microbiology 75(4): 459–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sumina, E.L. and Sumin, D.L. (2006) A superfluous resource as the factor morphogenesis. Problems of evolutionary morphology of animals. Theses Intern. Conf. Memories Acad. A.V.Ivanov. St.-Petersburg, pp. 114–115 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  20. Tewari, V.C. and Joshi, M. (1993) Stromatolite microstructures: a new tool for biostratigraphic correlation of the Lesser Himalayan carbonates. Him. Geol. 4(2): 19–29.Google Scholar
  21. Walcott, C.D. (1914) Pre-cambrian algonkian algal flora. Smithsonian misc. Collections. 64:(2) 77–156.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evgenia Leonidovna Sumina
    • 1
  • Dmitryi Leonidovich Sumin
    • 2
  1. 1.Borissyak Palaeontological Institute RASMoscowRussia
  2. 2.MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations