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Meso-Neoproterozoic Stromatolites from the Indravati and Chhattisgarh Basins, Central India

  • Rajeeva Guhey
  • Deepima Sinha
  • Vinod Chandra Tewari
Chapter
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 18)

Abstract

The Meso-Neoproterozoic period is very significant for the diversification of the stromatolite taxa on Earth. Stromatolites have been used for the regional and global biostratigraphic correlations of the Proterozoic successions. In India, Proterozoic stromatolites are well preserved in the sedimentary basins of the Peninsular and Himalayan sedimentary basins (Valdiya, 1989; Tewari, 1989, 2004; Raha and Das, 1989). This chapter mainly deals with the Meso-Neoproterozoic stromatolites from the Indravati and Chhattisgarh basins of Central India (Figs. 1 and 2). We have briefly described the stromatolite taxa from these two very significant basins with special reference to their occurrence, stratigraphic distribution, age, and correlation with other equivalent basins in Peninsular and Lesser Himalayan basins. The Meso-Neoproterozoic stromatolites are mainly confined to the younger Raipur Formation of Chhattisgarh Basin and Jagdalpur Formation of Indravati Basin. These two sedimentary basins situated between two other major Paleoproterozoic to Mesoproterozoic basins, namely the Vindhyans to its north and the Cuddapah to its south. Chhattisgarh Basin is spread over an area of about 35,000 km2 while Indravati Basin covers approximately 9,000 km2 area. Both the basins are 300 km apart. The identification and description of stromatolites of these basins are based on their morphology and branching pattern of columns following mainly Raaben (1969) and Cloud and Semikhatov (1969).

Keywords

Stromatolites Meso-Neoproterozoic Indravati Chhattisgarh basins India Biostratigraphy Correlation Southern Urals Lesser Himalaya 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to the Principal, Government Nagarjuna P.G. Science College Raipur, Chhattisgarh and Director Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow, India for lab facilities. We are grateful to Dr. Mukund Sharma, Scientist E of BSIP, Lucknow, for critically reviewing the chapter and suggestions. Thanks are also due to Director, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India for permission to publish the book Chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajeeva Guhey
    • 1
  • Deepima Sinha
    • 1
  • Vinod Chandra Tewari
    • 2
  1. 1.Government Nagarjuna P.G. Science CollegeRaipurIndia
  2. 2.Wadia Institute of Himalayan GeologyDehradunIndia

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