Landscape Assessment and Monitoring

  • Attilia Peano
  • Claudia CassatellaEmail author


What is the purpose of landscape indicators? Can we “measure” the quality of landscape? And if landscape as a whole is impossible to assess from a holistic point of view, can we break it down into simpler elements to analyse and monitor? These questions are becoming more and more pressing, as a result of two concomitant movements: the development of landscape policies, encouraged by public opinion, and the spread of the culture of assessment in all fields of public policies and in particular in territorial government. In Europe, these dynamics are well represented by two international regulations: the European Landscape Convention (CoE 2000) and the Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive (2001/42/EC), regulating any plan or programme affecting the environment. The European Structural Funds, and in particular EEC Agricultural policy are also subject to intense activity of assessment and monitoring , in relation to the environment and landscape (cf. the Common Monitoring Evaluation Framework ). This volume is dedicated to indicators that can be used to monitor policies, plans and programmes that have an impact on landscape, with particular focus on town planning schemes, territorial and landscape plans, which have a more direct effect on land use.


Landscape assessment Landscape monitoring Landscape indicators 


General References and Literature

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  4. Nogué J, Puigbert L, Bretcha G (eds) (2009) Indicadors de paisatge. Reptes i perspectives. Observatori del Paisatge de Catalunya, BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
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  1. CoE (1995) The Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy (PEBLDS). SofiaGoogle Scholar
  2. CoE (2000) European Landscape Convention (ETS 176). FlorenceGoogle Scholar
  3. CoE (2008) Guidelines for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention, Recommendation CM/Rec (2008)3Google Scholar
  4. EC (2001) Directive 2001/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2001 on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment [best known as Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive]Google Scholar
  5. EC (2003) Directive 2003/4/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2003 on public access to environmental informationGoogle Scholar
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  7. EEA (1995) Europe’s environment.The Dobris Assessment. Earthscan, London. Also available on EEA. Accessed Feb 2010
  8. EEC (1985) Council Directive of 27 June 1985 on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment (Directive 85/337/EEC) [Environmental Impact Assessment Directive]Google Scholar
  9. Italian Republic (2004) Codice dei beni culturali e del paesaggio, Decreto legislativo n. 42, 2004 e successive modificazioni (Cultural Heritage and Landscape Code, Legislative Decree n. 42, 2004 and subsequent modifications and integrations)Google Scholar

Web Sources

  1. ENELC—European Network of Local and Regional Authorities for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention.
  2. Landscape Observatory of Catalonia.
  3. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento Interateneo TerritorioPolitecnico ed Università di TorinoTorinoItaly

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