Gravity Wave Influences in the Thermosphere and Ionosphere: Observations and Recent Modeling

  • David C. FrittsEmail author
  • Thomas S. Lund
Part of the IAGA Special Sopron Book Series book series (IAGA, volume 2)


Observational and theoretical studies have suggested gravity wave propagation and influences in the thermosphere and ionosphere for half a century. Gravity waves contribute, or are believed to contribute, to a variety of neutral and electrodynamic phenomena ranging from vertical coupling, energy and momentum transport and deposition, neutral perturbations and accelerations, traveling ionospheric disturbances, ionospheric irregularities, and plasma instabilities under quiet conditions to strong coupling from high to low latitudes and accompanying electrodynamics under storm-time conditions. Our goals here are to briefly review what has been learned to date, to illustrate some of the more recent results indicative of gravity wave effects, and to identify some aspects of neutral dynamics not previously considered that we expect may also have significant influences on neutral dynamics and electrodynamics in the thermosphere and ionosphere.


Wave Packet Momentum Flux Phase Speed Deep Convection Plasma Bubble 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Preparation of this paper was supported by AFOSR contract FA9550-09-C-0197, NASA contract NNH09CF40C, and NSF grant ATM-0836407. We also acknowledge the DoD High Performance Computing Modernization Office for computational resources employed for the simulations described.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Colorado Research Associates Division, NorthWest Research AssociatesBoulderUSA
  2. 2.NorthWest Research Associates/Colorado Research Associates DivisionBoulderUSA

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