Three-Dimensional Modeling of Equatorial Spread F

  • J.D. HubaEmail author
  • G. Joyce
  • J. Krall
Part of the IAGA Special Sopron Book Series book series (IAGA, volume 2)


The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has recently developed a three-dimensional code to study equatorial spread F (ESF). The code is based on the comprehensive NRL 3D ionosphere model SAMI3 and includes a potential equation to self-consistently solve for the electric field. The model assumes equipotential field lines so a 2D electrodynamic problem is considered. Results are presented showing the evolution of atomic and molecular ions, as well as that of the electron and ion temperatures during ESF.


Electron Temperature Naval Research Laboratory Neutral Wind Magnetic Equator Plasma Bubble 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research has been supported by NASA and ONR.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Naval Research LaboratoryWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Icarus Research, Inc.BethesdaUSA

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