The Use of Biometrics at the Borders: A European Policy and Law Perspective

  • Evelien BrouwerEmail author
Part of the Information Technology and Law Series book series (ITLS, volume 20)


The use of biometrics, including fingerprints and DNA, by governmental authorities is generally associated with the purposes of criminal investigation and law enforcement. More recently, biometrics became a central tool for migration control purposes. Especially at the EU level, different instruments have been adopted on the basis of which fingerprints and facial image of migrants and citizens are collected and stored for identification purposes.


Facial Image Asylum Seeker Criminal Offense Residence Permit External Service Provider 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



European Court for Human Rights


Schengen Information System


Visa Information System


European Data Protection Supervisor


  1. Balzacq T et al (2006) Security and the two-level game: the treaty of Prüm, the EU and the management of threats Brussels. CEPSGoogle Scholar
  2. Broeders D (2009) Breaking down anonymity digital surveillance of irregular migrants in Germany and the Netherlands. Amsterdam University Press, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  3. Brouwer E (2007) The use of biometrics in EU data bases and identity documents. Keeping track of foreigner’s movements and rights. In: Lodge J (ed) Are you who you say you are? The EU and biometric borders. Wolf Legal Publishers, Nijmegen, pp 45–66Google Scholar
  4. Brouwer E (2008) Digital borders and real rights: effective remedies for third-country nationals in the schengen information system. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden/BostonGoogle Scholar
  5. European Commission (2005) Biometrics at the frontiers: assessing the impact on society, report of the joint research centre (DG JRC). Institute for Prospective Technological Studies.
  6. Geyer F (2008) Taking stock: databases and systems of information exchange in the area of freedom, security and justice. Research Paper no 9. Brussels, CEPSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© T.M.C. ASSER PRESS, The Hague, The Netherlands, and the authors 2011 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Utrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations