Field Studies of Whole-Tree Leaf and Root Distribution and Water Relations in Several European Forests

  • Jan CermakEmail author
  • Nadezhda Nadezhdina
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 212)


Practically oriented field studies of different structures important for environmental purposes are dealing with wide levels of biological organization, starting e.g. with micro- structure (cells, molecules) and continuing to macro-structures up to regional, continental or even global levels. Naturally, only very extensive research teams can cover the whole range of these problems. Situation is a bit simplified, when limiting too complex physiological studies only to selected ones. We described here some phenomena related to water relations and corresponding structures, starting from individual organs (roots or branches), through whole trees and stands and when using appropriate models up to landscapes. Measurements of leaf and root area distributions help to evaluate other eco-physiological processes and also to up scale the data (e.g., allowing connections with remote sensing, serve for calibration etc.). Sap flow measurement provides a tool suitable for short- as well as long-term studies. Whole tree water storage helps trees to overcome critical periods of time in summer and specify periods when actually trees grow. Combination of anatomical analysis with sap flow measurement serves for evaluation of the efficiency of the water conducting system. Analysis of hydraulic tree architecture including water redistribution can explain tree survival under drought. Application of biometric parameters helps to up-scale the sap flow data from trees to entire stands. Combination of maps and remote sensing data enable to work up to the landscape level. Present long-term experience shows, that the approach based on field-applicable mobile instrumentation, is possible to adapt for solving different practical problems e.g., such considering tree or stands survival, stem growth, water balance and others.


Leaf Area Index Floodplain Forest Stand Transpiration Vertical Root Distribution Soil Water Supply 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The work on this chapter was done within the framework of the Research Invention of Czech MSM No.6215648902 and project NAZV QC 60063.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Forest Botany, Dendrology and GeobiocenologyMendel University of Agriculture and ForestryBrnoCzech Republic

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