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Above Ground Processes: Anticipating Climate Change Influences

  • Mauro CentrittoEmail author
  • Roberto TognettiEmail author
  • Ernst LeitgebEmail author
  • Katarina StřelcováEmail author
  • Shabtai CohenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 212)

Abstract

This chapter reviews the various interactions between tree processes and the environment in the context of observed and expected environmental changes. The chapter begins with the influences of the ubiquitous atmospheric increases in CO2 concentration on leaf photosynthesis and respiration, followed by the expected influences on tree processes. Influences of increasing incidence of drought, increased temperatures and extreme events are then discussed with respect to leaf and tree level processes. Specific attention is given to hydraulic architecture, tree growth and water use efficiency, and species differences in water relations and canopy structure across Europe. The chapter ends with a brief review of canopy-atmosphere interaction and forest influences on climate.

Keywords

Soil Water Hydraulic Conductivity Vapour Pressure Deficit Soil Water Stress High Vapour Pressure Deficit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Agro-Environmental and Forest BiologyNational Research CouncilMonterotondo Scalo (RM)Italy
  2. 2.EcoGeoFor Lab, Department of Science and Technology for the Environment and Territory (STAT)University of MolisePesche (IS)Italy
  3. 3.Department of Forest Ecology and SoilFederal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and LandscapeViennaAustria
  4. 4.Department of Natural Environment, Faculty of ForestryTechnical University in ZvolenZvolenSlovakia
  5. 5.Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental SciencesARO Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael

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