Multidimensionality of Scales and Approaches for Forest–Water Interactions

  • Ivan PilašEmail author
  • Karl-Heinz Feger
  • Urša Vilhar
  • Andreas Wahren
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 212)


Scaling of forest and water relations are mostly concerned with two diverse ­dimensions resulting from trade-off in various environmental and regional conditions. On one side, scaling is used to develop best forest management practice with the aim of reducing runoff and providing good quality water. In conditions of water scarcity, scaling is mostly concerned with the protection of the forest cover which provides other beneficiary goods and services such as timber, biodiversity and carbon sequestration. Forests significantly influence the hydrological cycle, mostly in a beneficiary way: forests, due to higher infiltration rates and soil water consumption induce lower stormflows and greater soil stability than any other vegetation type, forest soils also purify water. On the contrary, in arid and semi-arid conditions, the effects of forests on hydrology can be unfavorable because forests as major water consumers contribute to water supply deficiency. Global warming claims better utilization of forest hydrological goods and services and new approaches on adaptive forest management as a result of climate change. Climate change also generates new scaling challenges of forest and water interactions.


Forest Management Forest Cover Drinking Water Quality Ground Vegetation Flood Protection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivan Pilaš
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karl-Heinz Feger
    • 2
  • Urša Vilhar
    • 3
  • Andreas Wahren
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of EcologyCroatian Forestry InstituteJastrebarskoCroatia
  2. 2.Institute of Soil Science and Site EcologyTechnische Universität DresdenTharandtGermany
  3. 3.Department of Forest EcologySlovenian Forestry InstituteLjubljanaSlovenija
  4. 4.Dr. Dittrich and Partner Hydro-Consult GmbHBannewitzGermany

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