• Patrick SchleppiEmail author
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 212)


Environmental changes induced by mankind are numerous in nature and in effects. Changes affecting the hydrosphere and the atmosphere are spread geographically by water and air circulation, with the potential of creating not only local but also regional and global problems. Ecosystems far from pollution sources are thus also affected, which is the case of many forests. The biggest concern at the beginning of this twenty-first century is certainly the global climatic change driven by human activities. This change includes not only physical components like temperature and precipitation, but also chemical components like air quality and deposition of pollutants.


Pollution Source Global Problem Decadal Time Scale Water Catchment Forested Catchment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bonan GB (2008) Forests and climate change: forcings, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests. Science 320:1444–1449PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Swiss Federal Institute for ForestSnow and Landscape ResearchBirmensdorfSwitzerland

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