Advertisement

Embryo Ethics: Justice and Nascent Human Life

  • Robert P. GeorgeEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Philosophy and Medicine book series (PHME, volume 110)

Abstract

If we were to contemplate killing mentally handicapped infants to obtain transplantable organs, no one would characterize the controversy that would erupt as a debate about organ transplantation.

Keywords

Brain Death Human Embryo Embryonic Stage Human Organism Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bailey, R. 2001. Are stem cells babies? Reasononline. Available online at: http://www.reason.com/news/show/34840.html. Accessed 02 Sep 2010.
  2. Boyle, J.M. 1979. That the fetus should be considered a legal person. The American Journal of Jurisprudence 59:59–71.Google Scholar
  3. Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. 1987. Instruction on respect for human life in its origin and on the dignity of procreation: Replies to certain questions of the day [Donum Vitae]. http: http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_19870222_respect-for-human-life_en.html. Accessed 02 Sep 2010.
  4. Denker, H.-W. 2004. Early human development: New data raise important embryological and ethical questions relevant for stem cell research. Naturwissenschaften 91:1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Edwards, R., and P. Steptoe. 1981. A matter of life. London: Hutchinson’s.Google Scholar
  6. Finnis, J. 2000. Some fundamental evils in generating human embryos by cloning. In Ethics and law in biomedical research, ed. C.M. Mazzoni, 99–106. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  7. Gardner, R.L., and T.J. Davies. 2003. The basis and significance of pre-patterning in mammals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 358:1331–1338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. George, R.P., and C. Tollefsen. 2008. Embryo: A defense of human life. New York, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  9. George, R.P., and P. Lee. 2004. Acorns and embryos. The New Atlantis 7:90–100.Google Scholar
  10. George, R.P., and P. Lee. 2005. Dualistic delusions. First Things 150:5–7.Google Scholar
  11. George, R.P., and P. Lee. 2006. The first fourteen days of life. New Atlantis 6:61–67.Google Scholar
  12. Highfield, R. 2007. Dolly creator Ian Wilmut Shuns cloning. Telegraph.co.uk, November 16, 2007.Google Scholar
  13. Hurlbut, W. 2002. Personal statement of Dr. William Hurlbut. In Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry. Report of the President’s Council on Bioethics, Washington, DC. Available online at: http://bioethics.georgetown.edu/pcbe/reports/cloningreport/appendix_html#hurlbut. Accessed 02 Sep 2010.
  14. Lee, P., and R.P. George. 2005. The wrong of abortion. In Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics, eds. A.I. Cohen and C. Wellman, 13–26. New York, NY: Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
  15. Lee, P., and R.P. George. 2006. The first fourteen days of human life. New Atlantis 13:61–67.Google Scholar
  16. McMahan, J. 2005. Our fellow creatures. The Journal of Ethics 9:353–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Moore, K., and T.V.N. Persaud. 2008. The developing human: Clinically Oriented Embryology, 8th edition. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.Google Scholar
  18. O’Rahilly, R., and F. Mueller. 2000. Human embryology and teratology. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  19. Olasky, M. 2004. Blue state philosopher. World 19. Available on-line at http://www.worldmag.com/articles/9987. Accessed 02 Sep 2010.
  20. Piotrowska-Nitsche, K., Perea-Gomez, A., Haraguchi, S., and M. Zernicka-Goetz. 2005. Four-cell stage mouse blastomeres have different developmental properties. Development 132:479–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Plusa, B., Hadjantonakis, A.K., Gray, D., Piotrowska-Nitsche, K., Jedrusik, A., Papaioannou, V.E., Glover, D.M., and M., Zernicka-Goetz. 2005. The first cleavage of the mouse zygote predicts the blastocyst axis. Nature 434:391–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. President’s Council on Bioethics. 2002. Session 5 meeting, January 18, 2002, Transcript available online at http://www.bioethics.gov/transcripts/jan02/jan18session5.html.
  23. Rossant J., and P. Tam. 2004. Emerging asymmetry and embryonic patterning in early mouse development. Developmental Cell 7:155–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sandel, M. 2004. Embryo ethics–the moral logic of stem cell research. The New England Journal of Medicine 351:207–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Science. 2002. Metaphor of the Week 295:1637.Google Scholar
  26. Shewmon, D.A. 2001. The brain and somatic integration: insights into the standard biological rationale for equating ‘Brain Death’ with death. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26:457–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Silver, L. 1997. Remaking eden. New York, NY: Avon Books.Google Scholar
  28. Singer, P. 1995. Killing babies is not always wrong. The Spectator 16:20–22.Google Scholar
  29. Stanton, J.A., Macgregor, A.B., and D.P. Green. 2003. Gene expression in the mouse preimplantation embryo. Reproduction 125:457–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Takahashi, K., Tanabe, K., Ohnuki, M., Narita, M., Ichisaka, T., Tomoda, K., and S. Yamanaka. 2007. Induction of pluripotent stem cells from adult fibroblasts by defined factors. Cell 131:1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. The President’s Council on Bioethics. 2005. White paper: Alternative sources of pluripotent stem cells. http://bioethics.georgetown.edu/pcbe/reports/white_paper/text.html. Accessed 07 Sep 2010.
  32. Torres-Padilla, M., Parfitt, D., Kouzarides, T., and M. Zernicka-Goetz. 2007. Histone arginine methylation regulates pluripotency in the early mouse embryo. Nature 445:214–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vogel, G. 2005. Embryologists polarized over early cell fate determination. Science 308:782–783.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yu, J., Vodyanik, M.A., Smuga-Otto, K., Antosiewicz-Bourget, J., Frane, J.L., Tian, S., Nie, J., Jonsdottir, G.A., Ruotti, V., Stewart, R., Slukvin, I.I., and J.A. Thomson. 2007. Induced pluripotent stem cell lines derived from human somatic cells. Science 318:1917–1920.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Princeton UniversityPrincetonUSA

Personalised recommendations