Healthy Ties pp 105-111 | Cite as

Gendering Social Capital and Population Health

  • Markku T. HyyppäEmail author


Several authors pointed out that the gender dimension of social capital has been under-recognized in comparison with other demographic issues. Social capital was originally conceptualized gender-blind, and whenever gender issues have been highlighted, they have been raised by female scholars (e.g., Edwards 2004, Caiazza 2005, O’Neill and Gidengil 2006, van Emmerik 2006, Warr 2006). Gender was more or less disregarded by the Great Fathers of social capital, Bourdieu, Coleman and Putnam. While gender cannot be totally ignored in writing about the social capital theory, any observations concerning gender seem to remain rather superficial.


Social Capital Social Participation Social Trust Traditional Gender Role Social Capital Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Agahi N (2008) Leisure in late life. Patterns of participation and relationship with health. Dissertation, Karolinska Institutet, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  2. Agahi N, Parker MG (2008) Leisure activities and mortality: does gender matter? J Aging Health 20:855–871PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aihara Y, Minai J, Kikuchi Y et al (2009) Cognition of social capital in older Japanese men and women. J Aging Health 21:1083–1097PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Almgren G, Magarati M, Mogford L (2009) Examining the influences of gender, race, ethnicity, and social capital on the subjective health of adolescents. J Adolesc 32:109–133PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baum FE, Bush RA, Modra CC et al (2000) Epidemiology of participation: an Australian community study. J Epidemiol Community Health 54:414–423PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Burt RS (1998) The gender of social capital. Rational Soc 10:5–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chuang Y-C, Chuang K-Y (2008) Gender differences in relationships between social capital and individual smoking and drinking behavior in Taiwan. Soc Sci Med 67:1321–1330PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Coleman J (1990) Foundations of social theory. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  9. Edwards R (2004) Present and absent in troubling ways: families and social capital debates. Sociol Rev 52:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ellaway A, Macintyre S (2007) Is social participation associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors? Soc Sci Med 64:1384–1391PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ferlander S, Mäkinen IH (2009) Social capital, gender and self-rated health. Evidence from the Moscow health survey 2004. Soc Sci Med 69:1323–1332PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hanson BS, Östergren P-O, Elmståhl S et al (1997) Reliability and validity assessments of measures of social networks, social support and control – results of the Malmö Shoulder and Neck Study. Scand J Soc Med 25:249–257PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Hyyppä MT (2007a) Sambandet mellan socialt kapital och kardiovaskulära sjukdomar. Finska Läkaresällsk Handl 167:52–56 (In Swedish)Google Scholar
  14. Hyyppä MT (2007b) Livskraft ur gemenskap – om socialt kapital och folkhälsa. Studentlitteratur, Lund (In Swedish)Google Scholar
  15. Hyyppä MT, Mäki J (2001b) Individual-level relationships between social capital and self-rated health in a bilingual community. Prev Med 32:148–155PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hyyppä MT, Mäki J (2003) Social participation and health in a community rich in stock of social capital. Health Educ Res 18:770–779PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hyyppä MT, Mäki J, Impivaara O, Aromaa A (2006) Leisure participation predicts survival: a population-based study in Finland. Health Promot Int 21:5–12PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hyyppä MT, Mäki J, Impivaara O, Aromaa A (2007) Individual-level measures of social capital as predictors of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: a population-based prospective study of men and women in Finland. Eur J of Epidemiol 22:589–597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kavanagh A, Bentley R, Turrell G et al (2006) Does gender modify associations between self-rated health and the social and economic characteristics of local environments. J Epidemiol Community Health 60:490–495PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nyqvist F, Finnäs F, Jakobsson G, Koskinen S (2008) The effect of social capital on health: the case of two language groups in Finland. Health Place 14:347–360PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. O’Neill B, Gidengil E (eds) (2006) Gender and social capital. Routledge, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  22. Peterson NA, Hughey J (2004) Social cohesion and intrapersonal empowerment: gender as moderator. Health Educ Res 19:533–542PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pilote L, Dasgupta K, Guru V, Humphries KH et al (2007) A comprehensive view of sex-specific issues related to cardiovascular disease. CMAJ 176:S1–S44PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Putnam RD (2000) Bowling alone. The collapse and revival of American community. Simon & Schuster, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  25. Skrabski Á, Kopp M, Kawachi I (2003) Social capital in a changing society: cross sectional associations with middle aged female and male mortality rates. J Epidemiol Community Health 57:114–119PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Skrabski Á, Kopp M, Kawachi I (2004) Social capital and collective efficacy in Hungary: cross sectional associations with middle aged female and male mortality rates. J Epidemiol Community Health 58:340–345PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stafford M, Cummins S, Macintyre S et al (2005) Gender differences in the associations between health and neighbourhood environment. Soc Sci Med 60:1681–1692PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Upright CB (2004) Social capital and cultural participation: spousal influences on attendance at arts events. Poetics 32:129–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. van Emmerik IJH (2006) Gender differences in the creation of different types of social capital: a multilevel study. Soc Networks 28:24–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Verbrugge LM (1989) The twain meet: empirical explanations of sex differences in health and mortality. J Health Soc Behav 30:282–304PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Warr DJ (2006) Gender, class, and the art and craft of social capital. Sociol Q 47:497–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Westermann O, Ashby J, Pretty J (2005) Gender and social capital: the importance of gender differences for the maturity and effectiveness of natural resource management groups. World Dev 33:1783–1799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yamamura E (2009) Why effects of social capital on health status differ between genders: considering the labor market condition. MPRA Paper 14985, University Library of Munich, Munich. Cited 23 June 2009Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute for Health and Welfare, Population StudiesTurkuFinland

Personalised recommendations