• Stela ManovaEmail author
Part of the Studies in Morphology book series (SUMO, volume 1)


In this chapter the main ideas of the analysis are summarized and conclusions are drawn. Special attention is paid to the productivity of conversion and subtraction. It is concluded that conversion and subtraction behave as any other morphological technique: (1) they operate in derivation as well as in inflection; (2) in derivation, conversion and subtraction have prototypical (word-class-changing) and non-prototypical (word-class-preserving) realizations; (3) both techniques can be applied to different bases such as words, stems and roots; (4) like affixation and substitution, subtraction is often accompanied by phonological and morphonological modifications (modifications are not allowed in conversion, since their occurrences are realizations of the morphological technique of modification); (5) conversion and subtraction often compete with more diagrammatic techniques such as affixation, substitution and modification.


Word Class Formal Conversion Derivation Rule Semantic Change Inflectional Form 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Slavic StudiesUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria

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