New Zealand & Australia: A New Zealand and Australian Overview of Ethics and Sustainability in SMEs
- 2.8k Downloads
There is a dearth of research on ethics and sustainability related to SMEs in New Zealand and Australia. This paper begins by giving a definition of SMEs in New Zealand and Australia, which both differ somewhat from international definitions. The role of SMEs in New Zealand and Australian society is discussed and a description of one study in each country covering SMEs and sustainability is presented. Both studies found that owner-managers undertake a number of triple bottom line activities, without overtly identifying these actions as sustainable practice. At the same time, both studies showed that an over-riding focus on the financial bottom-line may be a significant barrier to SMEs adopting further sustainability practices. The paper concludes with a call for additional research in the area of ethical and sustainable business practice in SMEs in Australia and New Zealand, identifying some promising areas of future investigation.
KeywordsSMEs New Zealand Australia Ethics Sustainability
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2005. 2004: Characteristics of small business, 8127.0. Canberra, ABS.Google Scholar
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2007a. Australia’s environment, issues and trends, 4613.0. Canberra, ABS.Google Scholar
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2007b. Counts of Australian businesses, including entries and exits, 8165.0. Canberra, ABS.Google Scholar
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2008. Australian demographic data (March Quarter), 3101.0. Canberra, ABS.Google Scholar
- Cameron, A., & Massey, C. 1999. Small and medium sized enterprises: A New Zealand perspective. Auckland, New Zealand: Addison Wesley Longman.Google Scholar
- Clark, H. 2006. Address to NZ Labour Party Annual Conference. Rotorua.Google Scholar
- Collins, E., Lawrence, S., & Roper, J. 2007b. Sustainability practices of New Zealand businesses in 2006. Waikato Management School. [Online]. Available: http://www.management.ac.nz/sustainabilityreport. Accessed on 9 December 2009.
- de Bruin, A. & Lewis, K. 2005. Green entrepreneurship in New Zealand: A micro-enterprise focus. In M. Schaper (ed.) Making ecopreneurs: Developing sustainable entrepreneurship. Hampshire, England: Ashgate. pp. 61–71.Google Scholar
- Department of Environment and Conservation. 2003. State sustainability strategy. [Online]. Available: http://www.dec.wa.gov.au/our-environment/sustainability/state-sustainability-strategy.html. Accessed on 21 October 2008.
- Department of the Environment, Heritage, Water and the Arts. 2002. National Strategy for ecologically sustainable development. [Online]. Available: http://www.environment.gov.au/esd/national/nsesd/strategy/intro.html. Accessed on 21 October 2008.
- Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. 2003. Sustainable development for New Zealand: Programme of action. Wellington: DPMC.Google Scholar
- Lawrence, S. & Collins, E. 2004. Sustainability practices of New Zealand business. Waikato Management School. [Online]. Available: http://www.sustainable.org.nz/cms1/index.php?page=publications
- Massey, C. & Ingley, C. 2007. The New Zealand policy environment for the development of SMEs. New Zealand centre for SME research, Massey University. [Online]. Available: http://sme-centre.massey.ac.nz/files/PECC_Report.pdf. Accessed on 1 January 2008.
- May, S.K., Cheney, G. & Roper, J. 2007. Introduction. In S.K. May, G. Cheney & J. Roper (eds.), The debate over corporate social responsibility. New York: Oxford.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Economic Development. 2007. SMEs in New Zealand: Structure and dynamics. [Online]. Available: http://www.med.govt.nz. Accessed on 21 December 2007.
- Ministry of Social Development. 2007. The social report 2007. [Online]. Available: http://www.socialreport.msd.govt.nz/economic-standard-living/market-income-person.html. Accessed on 3 January 2008.
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2007. OECD Factbook 2007: Economic, environmental and social statistics. [Online]. Available: http://miranda.sourceoecd.org/vl=12664726/cl=38/nw=1/rpsv/fact2007/02-01-02-g01.htm. Accessed on 8 October 2008.
- Tourism Queensland. 2006. Industry sustainability. [Online]. Available: http://www.tq.com.au/tqcorp_06/resource-centre/sustainability-and-climate-change/industry-sustainability/industry-sustainability.cfm. Accessed on 10 October 2008.
- Weber, P. 2006. Understanding mature small business owners: Success and age-related correlates of success within the Western Australian tourism industry. Doctoral dissertation, Curtin University of Technology, Perth.Google Scholar
- Weber, P. 2008. Kingtree wines & Kingtree lodge. In D. Tassiopoulos (ed.) New tourism ventures: An entrepreneurial and managerial approach. Cape Town, South Africa: Juta Press. pp. 438–454.Google Scholar
- Weber, P., Geneste, L., Schaper, M. & Soontiens, W. 2009. Western Australian small business benchmarks 2008: An initiative of Curtin Business School to inform small business. Curtin University of Technology, Perth. [Online]. Available: http://www.business.curtin.edu.au/business/teaching-areas/management/research/western-australian-small-business-benchmarks. Accessed on 12 May 2009.
- Western Australian Small Business Benchmarks. 2008. [Online]. Available: http://www.business.curtin.edu.au/business/teaching-areas/management/research/western-australian-small-business-benchmarks. Accessed on 10 October 2008.