A More Global Perspective and a Final Summation

  • R. M. McDowallEmail author
Part of the Fish & Fisheries Series book series (FIFI, volume 32)


New Zealand’s earth history and the presence of diadromy have strongly influenced the distributions of its freshwater fishes, in much the same way as they have the fishes of northern temperate lands. There is a deep dichotomy in the biogeographies of diadromous and non-diadromous fishes in the fauna and this, as well as New Zealand’s distinctive and enduring geographical isolation, have produced the biota that we observe today. Biogeography can be explored using both top-down and bottom-up approaches. In theory a bottom-up approach provides the ability to explore and synthesise individual patterns in a way that a top-down approach has the tendency to obscure or muffle, and so a bottom-up approach is preferable.


Bottom-up/top-down Diadromy Galaxiidae Earth history Synthesis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Water and Atmospheric ResearchChristchurchNew Zealand

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