Demographic and Deprivation Change in the UK

  • Paul NormanEmail author
Part of the Understanding Population Trends and Processes book series (UPTA, volume 2)


Changes in an area’s population size and composition occur through ageing and through births and deaths. Population change also occurs through migration between areas, with different migration patterns for people of different ages. In some locations, the tendency is for people to age in situ; others have more transient populations (Norman et al., 2008a). Since international and subnational migrants may differ in their sociodemographic characteristics from the populations they leave and join, the composition of communities can change (Norman et al., 2005; Clark, 2008) especially since different types of people may be attracted to different types of areas (Walters, 2000; Champion and Fisher, 2003).


Population Change Dependency Ratio Natural Change Area Deprivation Small Area Estimate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Paul Norman’s research was funded under the ESRC’s Understanding Population Trends and Processes programme (RES-163-25-0012). The research used Census data, the National Statistics Postcode Directory and GIS boundary data obtained via MIMAS CASWEB and EDINA UKBORDERS which are academic services supported by ESRC and JISC. The Census, official Mid-Year Estimates, National Statistics Postcode Directory, and Vital Statistics data for England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland have been provided by the Office for National Statistics, General Register Office for Scotland and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency and the digital boundary data by Ordnance Survey. These data are copyright of the Crown and are reproduced with permission of the Controller of HMSO. The original Estimating With Confidence (EwC) data are copyright of the EwC project which was funded by the ESRC (H519255028).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geography, University of LeedsLeedsUK

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