Participation and Outcome Indicators
How an education system is performing can be assessed through an understanding of outcomes, both individual and institutional, and the relationships to inputs and processes. This chapter will present indicators that historically have been used to measure the performance of TVET systems through an analysis of participation and related outcome measures. Participation is sometimes used as a process indicator because it provides a measure of access and coverage. The provision of TVET through schools and tertiary institutions provides educational opportunity. It is important to know, therefore, about the nature of educational opportunity as a direct effect of the structure and provision of TVET. How much opportunity is provided and how does this vary across the population and programmes? How widely is TVET accessed?