Comparisons of Social and Economic Context
Context indicators aim to provide information on features of society and economy that are likely to shape the performance of education and training systems. For example, nations with high levels of GDP are likely to spend or invest more money on education (or at least have more money available to do so) than nations which are less wealthy. Similarly, nations with well-educated populations marked by high literacy levels, high levels of upper secondary school completion and strong levels of university participation are likely to display markedly different patterns of performance in terms of education and training than nations with populations that have low levels of literacy and low levels of transition from school to higher education, because of the role of demand as much as supply. Context indicators, such as national economic and demographic trends and educational attainment, are important therefore in being able to consider and understand factors that influence the role and functioning of education systems. Through the indicators, aspects of each society and its economy that structure capacity and shape TVET performance can be profiled and considered for the purposes of comparing with other systems.