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Sonoluminescence of Inorganic Ions in Aqueous Solutions

  • Pak-Kon ChoiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Sonoluminescence from alkali-metal salt solutions reveals excited state alkali – metal atom emission which exhibits asymmetrically-broadened lines. The location of the emission site is of interest as well as how nonvolatile ions are reduced and electronically excited. This chapter reviews sonoluminescence studies on alkali-metal atom emission in various environments. We focus on the emission mechanism: does the emission occur in the gas phase within bubbles or in heated fluid at the bubble/liquid interface? Many studies support the gas phase origin. The transfer of nonvolatile ions into bubbles is suggested to occur by means of liquid droplets, which are injected into bubbles during nonspherical bubble oscillation, bubble coalescence and/or bubble fragmentation. The line width of the alkali-metal atom emission may provide the relative density of gas at bubble collapse under the assumption of the gas phase origin.

Keywords

Line Width Atom Emission Continuum Emission Sodium Atom Bubble Collapse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author thanks Shogo Abe and Yuichi Hayashi for their experimental studies, and Dr. Shin-ichi Hatanaka for his valuable discussion.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, School of Science and TechnologyMeiji UniversityKawasakiJapan

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