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Fundamentals of Acoustic Cavitation and Sonochemistry

  • Kyuichi YasuiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Acoustic cavitation is the formation and collapse of bubbles in liquid irradiated by intense ultrasound. The speed of the bubble collapse sometimes reaches the sound velocity in the liquid. Accordingly, the bubble collapse becomes a quasi-adiabatic process. The temperature and pressure inside a bubble increase to thousands of Kelvin and thousands of bars, respectively. As a result, water vapor and oxygen, if present, are dissociated inside a bubble and oxidants such as OH, O, and H2O2 are produced, which is called sonochemical reactions. The pulsation of active bubbles is intrinsically nonlinear. In the present review, fundamentals of acoustic cavitation, sonochemistry, and acoustic fields in sonochemical reactors have been discussed.

Keywords

Cavitation Bubble Bubble Collapse Acoustic Cavitation Bubble Pulsation Acoustic Amplitude 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to thank my coworkers T.Tuziuti, J.Lee, T.Kozuka, A.Towata, and Y.Iida for useful discussions. I would also like to thank H.Mitome for his encouragement.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)NagoyaJapan

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