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An Introduction and Current Trends of Damodar and Rupnarayan River Network

  • Mrinmoy MajumderEmail author
  • Pankaj Roy
  • Asis Mazumdar
Chapter

Abstract

Rivers are the important primary resource of landed community for their primary sustenance. Losses of navigability, gradient fall within a short distance, deltaic formations in lower reaches, anthropogenic actions or manipulations such as construction of embankments and guard walls, silt depositions or encroachment of river beds, monsoon induced changes, etc., can cause a river to die. As per the current status of West Bengal (Eastern part of India) and Jharkhand rivers, the effect of the creation of reservoirs, industrial extractions, and climate change can be observed easily. Damodar and Rupnarayan river systems are two major river networks of eastern India which are one of the major sources of water for irrigation, agriculture, and industrial purposes of the people living in the river banks. The present note tries to give an overview of the current trends, geomorphological characteristics, and economical resources of the two rivers which can give an idea of the impact of vulnerabilities on the natural water resources of the two catchments.

Keywords

Current trends Jharkhand rivers West Bengal 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors would like to state that the above article is only for education purpose. The concepts are well discussed in different literatures. The reason for addition was merely to educate readers about the study area selected for the research papers (Chapter 2-20, except 15,16,17,18,20) at a greater clarity. The authors will also take this opportunity to acknowledge the cooperation provided by Damodar Valley Corporation(regulatory authority of River Damodar) and River Research Institute, West Bengal (Incharge of River Rupnarayan) which had greatly helped to conduct the study in the different locations within the catchments.

References

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  2. Goswami AB, Mazumdar A, Bose B (2000) Status of water resources in West Bengal, report published by school of water resources, Jadavpur UniversityGoogle Scholar
  3. Hunter WW (1876) A statistical account of bengal, Retrieved from http://www.archive.org/details/astatisticalacc20huntgoog on 22nd June, 2009
  4. Rain Water Harvesting Members (2008) Pollution of river Damodar. Retrieved from http://www.rainwaterharvesting.org/Crisis/Damodar.htm on 1 August, 2009
  5. State Jharkhand (2003) Retrieved from http://jharkhand.nic.in/mineral_collection.htm on 1 August, 2009
  6. Singh PKGS, Tiwary BK (2007) Critical evaluation of geo-environmental scenario of Damodar river basin, India, First international conference on MSECCMI, New Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Water Resources EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Regional Center, National Afforestation and Eco-development BoardJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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