Mathematical Modeling of Dynamics Processes in the Upper Atmosphere and Ionosphere

  • I. V. Karpov
  • G. V. Golubkov
Part of the Physics of Earth and Space Environments book series (EARTH)


In this chapter, the achievements of the basic researches on the upper atmosphere and ionosphere processes with the mathematical modeling methods are briefly presented. The mathematical problem of the model atmosphere/ionosphere description, the existing global theoretical model of environment, and the results of the investigations as well as their applications have been considered. The numerical experiments using the theoretical models show that the results obtained through model calculations have a good relation with the experimental data on the quiet geophysical conditions. However, under perturbed conditions, the difference in the model results and observations can be more evident. The reasons for such difference can be attributed to the defects of the experimental data on the dynamics of the atmospheric perturbations sources, as well as the imperfection of the theoretical models. In particular, the experimental studies have observed an increase in the microwave radiation (MWR) flows from the upper atmosphere in the geomagnetic and solar-disturbed conditions. This work has focused on the increase in the MWR flows, which can be associated with the appearance of high-disturbed particles (n > 10) in the atmosphere. The correlation between the efficiencies of the chemical reactions and the participation of such particles is one of the directions of improvement of the theoretical models. Furthermore, the approaches to describe the chemistries of high-disturbed particles within the framework of theoretical atmosphere/ionosphere models also discussed.


Global theoretical models Ionosphere perturbations Precursors Upper atmosphere 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. V. Karpov
    • 1
  • G. V. Golubkov
  1. 1.West Department IZMIRANKaliningradRussia

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