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Transgenesis and Genomics in Forage Crops

  • Toshihiko Yamada
  • Ken-ichi Tamura
  • Xun Wang
  • Yukiko Aoyagi
Chapter

Abstract

Forage grasses and legumes are important for animal production as well as soil conservation and environmental protection. Grass species also provide opportunities for turf and amenity. Further recently some of grasses showing high biomass have been given attention to renewable biomass energy crops. Many forage crops have polyploidy property and exhibit obligate outbreeding reproductive habits. Conventional breeding for forage crops is mainly based on synthetic varieties through polycrosses among superior selected genotypes. This system presents important challenges for the implementation of molecular breeding techniques such as transgenesis and genomics. Transgenesis and genomics approaches in forage crops have not been well performed due to many species and each species with relatively less importance compared to major cereals. However, recently transgenesis and genomics researches have been developed mainly for Lolium and Festuca species in grasses and Triflolium and Medicago species in legumes. In this charter current status of molecular breeding in forage crops is reviewed. Functionally-associated genetic markers which may be validated through association analysis will become important a tool for molecular breeding in near future. Author’s group has research activities on genetic improvement of cold temperature tolerance in forage grasses. Some of our results on candidate gene approach are also described.

Keywords

Quantitative Trait Locus Bacterial Artificial Chromosome Simple Sequence Repeat Marker Quantitative Trait Locus Analysis Bacterial Artificial Chromosome Clone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshihiko Yamada
    • 1
  • Ken-ichi Tamura
    • 2
  • Xun Wang
    • 1
  • Yukiko Aoyagi
    • 1
  1. 1.Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.National Agricultural Research Center for Hokkaido RegionSapporoJapan

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