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Functional Genomics For Crop Improvement

  • Seedhabadee Ganeshan
  • Pallavi Sharma
  • Ravindra N. Chibbar
Chapter

Abstract

Plant breeding has had a tremendous influence on crop improvement. However, due to dwindling germplasm resources, identification of variability for incorporation into new cultivars is becoming more difficult. Therefore, there has been recourse to alternative approaches including mutagenesis, tissue culture and genetic transformation to aid breeding programs. Furthermore, with the vast repertoire of genome-wide data from different expression profiling techniques such as microarrays, more subtle understanding of gene expression is being obtained and is further helping plant breeders to entertain a different selection approach based on expression quantitative traits to maximize combinations of genes capable of conferring high performance. In this chapter, we review some of the aspects of plant breeding and the influence functional genomics has on breeding programs. Some of the challenges to functional genomics and breeding come from establishment of high-throughput transformation systems to assess gene function, which is limiting functional characterization of numerous genes in their respective crops. Therefore, this chapter also focuses on the need to gain better understanding of the development of gene transfer systems for crop plants to make use of the array of available gene information data.

Keywords

Quantitative Trait Locus Shoot Apical Meristem Somaclonal Variation Massively Parallel Signature Sequence Functional Genomic Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Genome Canada, Genome Prairie, Canada Research Chairs, Canada Foundation for Innovation, and Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, are gratefully acknowledged for financial support of research in our laboratory.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seedhabadee Ganeshan
    • 1
  • Pallavi Sharma
    • 1
  • Ravindra N. Chibbar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant SciencesCollege of Agriculture and Bioresources, University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

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