Justifying Moral Claims in a Pluralistic Society
Moral disagreement is to be expected in modern, pluralistic societies. Rational and reasonable persons can and do disagree about the appropriate solutions to various moral problems. Though each party to a moral disagreement may derive moral answers to moral problems in a morally justifiable fashion, different persons will not necessarily arrive at similar moral conclusions. This results from the combination of the under-determination of morality by reason and the related fact of rational moral pluralism . So, when persons who disagree encounter one another in a situation in which they must determine the right thing to do, they may not agree upon the appropriate solution, even when all parties actually desire to reach a solution.