Advertisement

The Rise and Development of Logical Semantics in Poland

  • Jan Woleński
Part of the Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science book series (LEUS, volume 16)

The aim of this paper is to portray the rise and development of logical (formal) semantics in Poland in the years that constitute the “golden age” of Polish logic and philosophy (see also Wolenski 2002). I use the adjective “Polish” purely geographically, that is, as equivalent to “in Poland”. This means that the phrase does not connote any national ingredients. My considerations are restricted to the period that extends from 1895 (when Kazimierz Twardowski came to Lvov as the professor of philosophy) until 1939 (the beginning of World War II), but I’ll make some comments about the situation after 1945. Technically speaking, there was no Poland between 1895–1918, but Polish philosophy nonetheless developed quite well during those years, and I will abstract from these peculiar political circumstance. Since the length of this paper is limited, my presentation focuses on certain issues and ignores others. In particular, I do not compare Polish philosophy with other contemporary traditions or schools in which logic and semantics flourished. I also assume that the ideas of the main Polish philosophers, especially those of Tarski, are sufficiently well known and do not require a detailed presentation.

Keywords

Semantic Category Formal Semantic Semantic Concept Incompleteness Theorem Vienna Circle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ajdukiewicz, K. (1930), ‘Elementy teorii poznania, logiki formalnej i metodologii nauk T. Kotarbińskiego’ [Review of Kotarbiński 1929], Przegląd Filozoficzny 23/1–2, 140–160; Eng. trans. in Kotarbiński 1929, 514–536.Google Scholar
  2. Ajdukiewicz, K. (1931), ‘O znaczeniu wyrażeń’ (On the Meaning of Expressions), in Księga Pamiątkowa Polskiego Towarzystwa Filozoficznego we Lwowie (The Memorial Book of the Polish Philosophical Society in Lvov), Polskie Towarzystwo Filozoficzne, Lwów; Eng. trans. (by J. Giedymin) in Ajdukiewicz 1978, 1–34.Google Scholar
  3. Ajdukiewicz, K. (1936), ‘Die syntaktische Konnexität’, Studia Philosophica 1, 1–27; Eng. trans. (by H. Weber), in Ajdukiewicz 1978, 118–139.Google Scholar
  4. Ajdukiewicz, K. (1978), The Scientific World-Perspective and Other Essays, 1930-1963, Dordrecht, D. Reidel.Google Scholar
  5. Ajdukiewicz, K. (1993), ‘Kategorie syntaktyczne i antynomie logiczne. Wykłady z semantyki logicznej w r. a. 1930/1931’ (Syntactic Antinomies and Logical Antinomies. Lectures on Logical Semantics in the Academic Year 1930/1931), Filozofia Nauki 1/1, 163–182.Google Scholar
  6. Betti, A (2004), ‘Leśniewski’s Early Liar, Tarski and Natural Language’, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic, 127, 267–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carnap R. (1929), Abriss der Logisitik mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Relationstheorie und ihrer Anwendungen, Julius Springer, Wien.Google Scholar
  8. Chwistek L. (1935), Granice nauki. Zarys logiki i metodologii nauk ścisłych (The Limits of Science. Outline of Logic and Methodology of the Exact Sciences), Lvov, Książnica-Atlas; Eng. trans. (by E. Brodie and A. Coleman), London, Kegan Paul, 1948.Google Scholar
  9. Czeżowski, T. (1918), ‘Imiona i zdania. Dwa odczyty’ (Names and Sentences. Two Lectures), Przegląd Filozoficzny 21, 3–22.Google Scholar
  10. Gödel, K. (1929), Über die Vollständigkeit des Logikkalküls, Wien Universität, repr. with Eng. trans. (by S. Bauer-Mengelberg) in Gödel 1986, 60–101.Google Scholar
  11. Gödel, K. (1930), ‘Die Vollständigkeit der Axiome des logischen Funktionenkalkül’, Monatshefte für Mathematik und Physik 37, 349–360: repr. with Eng. trans. (by S. Bauer-Mengelberg) in Gödel 1986, 102–123.Google Scholar
  12. Gödel, K. (1931), ‘Über formal unentscheidbare Sätze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Systeme I’, Monatshefte für Mathematik und Physik 38, 173–198; repr. with Eng. trans. in Gödel 1986, 145–195.Google Scholar
  13. Gödel, K. (1986), Collected Works Volume I, Publications 1929-1936, ed. S. Feferman et al., Oxford, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Gödel, K. (2003), Collected Works Volume IV, Correspondence A-G, ed. by S. Feferman et al., Oxford, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Gödel, K. (2003a), Collected Works Volume IV, Correspondence A-G, ed. by S. Feferman et al., Oxford, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Hilbert, D. and Ackermann, W., 1928, Grundzüge der theoretischen Logik, Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  17. Hintikka, J. (1988), ‘On the Development of Model-Theoretic Viewpoint in Logical Theory’, Synthese 77, 1–36; repr. in Hintikka 1997, 104–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hintikka, J. (1997), Lingua Universalis vs. Calculus Ratiocinator. An Ultimate Presupposition of Twentieth-Century Philosophy (J. Hintikka, Selected Papers 2), Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  19. Hintikka, J. (1997), Lingua Universalis vs. Calculus Ratiocinator. An Ultimate Presupposition of Twentieth-Century Philosophy (J. Hintikka, Selected Papers 2), Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  20. Kotarbiński, T. (1929), Elementy teorii poznania, logiki formalnej i metodologii nauk (Elements of Theory of Knowledge, Formal Logic and Methodology of Science), Lvov, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich; Eng. trans. (by O. Wojtasiewicz) as Gnosiology. The Scientific Approach to the Theory of Knowledge, Pergamon, Oxford, 1966.Google Scholar
  21. Kusch, M. (1989), Language as Calculus vs. Language as Universal Medium. A Study in Husserl, Heidegger and Gadamer, Dordrecht, Kluwer.Google Scholar
  22. Leśniewski S. (1913), ‘Krytyka zasady wyłączonego środka’ (The Critique of the Logical Principle of Excluded Middle), Przegląd Filozoficzny 16, 315–352; Eng. trans. in Leśniewski 1992, 47–75.Google Scholar
  23. Leśniewski, S. (1929), ‘Grundzüge eines neuen Systems der Grundlagen der Mathematik’, Fundamenta Mathematicae 14, 1–81; Eng. trans. in Leśniewski 1992, 410–605.Google Scholar
  24. Leśniewski, S. (1992), Collected Works, ed. and trans. by S. J. Surma, J. Strzednicki, and D. I. Barnett, Dordrecht, Kluwer.Google Scholar
  25. Łukasiewicz J. (1915), ‘O nauce’ (On Science), in Poradnik dla Samouków (A Guide for Auto-Didacts) vol. 1, by S. Michalski (ed.), Warsaw, Heflich i Michalski, xv–xxxix.Google Scholar
  26. Łukasiewicz J. (1920), ‘Logika dwuwartościowa’ (Two-Valued Logic), Przegląd Filozoficzny 23, 189–205; Eng. tr. (by O. Wojtasiewicz) in Łukasiewicz 1970, 89–109.Google Scholar
  27. Łukasiewicz, J. (1970), Selected Works, L. Borkowski (ed.), North-Holland, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  28. Niedźwiedzka-Ossowska, M. (1925), ‘Semantyka prof. St. Szobera’ (Semantics of Prof. St. Szober), Przegląd Filozoficzny 28, 93–107.Google Scholar
  29. Ossowski, S. 1926, ‘Analiza pojęcia znaku’ (An Analysis of the Concept of Sign), Przegląd Filozoficzny 29, 29–56); Eng. trans. (by O. Wojtasiewicz) in Semantics in Poland 1894–1969, J. Pelc (ed.), Dordrecht, D. Reidel, 1979, 164–177.Google Scholar
  30. Siebel, M. (1996), Der Begriff der Ableitbarkeit bei Bolzano, Academia Verlag, Sankt Augustin.Google Scholar
  31. Sierpiński, W. (1965), Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw.Google Scholar
  32. Szober, S. (1923), Gramatyka języka polskiego (Grammar of Polish Language), Lvov-Warsaw, Książnica.Google Scholar
  33. Szober, S. (1924), Zarys językoznawstwa ogólnego (An Outline of General Linguistics), Warsaw, Wydawnictwo Towarzystwa Języka Polskiego.Google Scholar
  34. Tarski, A. (1930–1931), ‘O pojęciu prawdy w odniesieniu do sformalizowanych teorii dedukcyjnych’ (On the Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages of Deductive Sciences), Ruch Filozoficzny 12, 210–211; repr. in Tarski 1986, vol. 4, 555–559.Google Scholar
  35. Tarski, A. (1931), ‘Sur les ensembles définissables de nombres réels I’, Fundamenta Mathematica 17, 210–239; Eng. trans. (by J. H. Woodger) in Tarski 1983, 110–142.Google Scholar
  36. Tarski, A. (1932), Der Wahrheitsbegriff in den Sprachen der deduktiven Disziplinen’, Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-naturwissenschafliche Klasse, Akademischer Anzeiger 69, 9–12; repr. in Tarski 1986, vol. 1, 613–617.Google Scholar
  37. Tarski, A. (1933), Pojęcie prawdy w językach nauk dedukcyjnych (The Concept of Truth in Languages of Deductive Sciences), Warsaw, Towarzystwo Naukowe Warszawskie.Google Scholar
  38. Tarski, A. (1936), ‘Der Wahrheitsbegriff in den formalisierten Sprachen’, Studia Philosophica 1, 152–278; repr. in Tarski 1986, vol. 2, 51–198; Eng. trans. (by J. H. Woodger) in Tarski 1983, 152–278.Google Scholar
  39. Tarski, A. (1936a), ‘Grundlegung der wissenschaftlichen Semantik’, Actes du Congrès International du Philosophie Scientifique, vol. 3, Hermann, Paris 1938, 1–8; Eng. trans. (by J. H. Woodger) in Tarski 1956, 401–408.Google Scholar
  40. Tarski, A. (1939), ‘On Undecidable Sentences in Enlarged Systems of Logic and the Concept of Truth’, The Journal of Symbolic Logic 4/3, 105–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Tarski, A. (1944), ‘The Semantics Definition of Truth and the Foundations of Semantics’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 4, 341–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Tarski, A. (1954), ‘[Contribution to the Discussion of P. Bernays, Zur Beurteilung der Situation in der beweistheoretischen Forschung]’, Revue Internationale de Philosophie 8, 16–20; repr. in Tarski 1986, vol. 4, 713–714.Google Scholar
  43. Tarski, A. (1962), ‘Some Problems and Results Relevant to the Foundations of Set Theory’, in Logic, Methodology and the Philosophy of Science. Proceedings of the 1960 International Congress, E. Nagel, P. Suppes, and A. Tarski (eds.), Stanford, Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Tarski, A. (1983), Logic, Semantics, Mathematics. Papers from 1923 to 1938, 2nd edition, J. Corcoran (ed.), Indianapolis, Hackett Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  45. Tarski, A. (1986), Collected Papers, vol. 1–4, S. R. Givant and R. N. McKenzie (eds.), Basel, Birkhäuser.Google Scholar
  46. Twardowski K. (1894), Zur Lehre vom Inhalt und Gegestand der Vorstellungen, Hölder, Wien; Eng. trans. (by R. Grossmann), On Content and Object of Presentations, The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff, 1976.Google Scholar
  47. Twardowski, K. (1912), ‘O czynnościach i wytworach. Kilka uwag z pogranicza psychologii, gramatyki i logiki’ (On Actions and Products. Some Remarks from the Boderline of Psychology, Grammar and Logic), in Księga Pamiątkowa ku uczczeniu 250 rocznicy założenia Uniwersytetu Lwowskiego przez króla Jana Kazimierza (The Memorial Book for Celebration the 250th Anniversary of Establishing the Lvov University by the King John Casimir II), Lvov, Uniwersytet Lwowski; Eng. trans. (by A. Szylewicz) in Twardowski 1999, 103–132.Google Scholar
  48. Twardowski, K. (1999), On Actions, Products and Other Topics in Philosophy, J. Brandl and J. Woleński (eds), Amsterdam, Rodopi.Google Scholar
  49. Woleński, J. (1997), ‘Husserl and the Development of Formal Semantics’, Philosophia Scientiae 1/4, 151–158; repr. in Woleński 1999a, 110–114.Google Scholar
  50. Woleński, J. (1999), ‘Semantic Revolution: Rudolf Carnap, Kurt Gödel, Alfred Tarski’, in Alfred Tarski and the Vienna Circle, J. Woleński and E. Köhler (eds.), Dordrecht, Kluwer, 1–15.Google Scholar
  51. Woleński, J. (1999a), Essays in the History of Logic and Logical Philosophy, Jagiellonian University Press, Cracow.Google Scholar
  52. Woleński, J. (2002), ‘From Intentionality to Formal Semantics’ (From Twardowski to Tarski), Erkenntnis 56(2002), 9–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Woleński, J. (2003), ‘Psychologism and Metalogic’, Synthese 137, 179–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Woleński, J. (2004), ‘The Reception of Frege in Poland’, History and Philosophy of Logic 25, 37–51; repr. in Gottlob Frege: Critical Assessments of Leading Philosophers, vol. 1, M. Beaney and E. Reck (eds.), London, Routledge, 290–309.Google Scholar
  55. Woleński, J. (2005), ‘Gödel, Tarski and Truth’, Revue Internationale de Philosophie 59, 459–490.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Woleński
    • 1
  1. 1.Jagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland

Personalised recommendations