• Valeria Panebianco
  • Jurgen J. Fütterer
Part of the A-Z Notes in Radiological Practice and Reporting book series (AZRPR)

Testicular Cancer

  • It can be divided into primary tumors and secondary tumors (lymphoma, leukemia, and metastasis). Primary tumors can be also classified into testicular germ-cell tumors and testicular nongerm-cell tumors. MR imaging is an important imaging tool in the evaluation of scrotal masses, in addition to ultrasound.

  • Most intratesticular solid masses represent malignant tumors, whereas 97 % of the extratesticular masses are benign.

Germ-Cell Tumors (95 % of Testicular Carcinomas)

  • They are categorized as seminoma or nonseminomatous tumor. Nonseminomatous germ-cell tumors include embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, teratoma, and choriocarcinoma.

  • US is the best diagnostic tool to identify and characterize scrotal mass. Seminomas tend to be homogeneous in echotexture, whereas nonseminomatous germ-cell tumors are more heterogeneous. CT is the study of choice for the evaluation of retroperitoneal adenopathies and lung metastasis.

  • Seminomas are isointense to normal tissue on T1- and...


Spermatic Cord Testicular Torsion Granulosa Cell Tumor Leydig Cell Tumor Accessory Renal Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Perla SB, Ch S. 2012. Bilateral Multiple Renal Arteries-An Anatomical Study. WebmedCentral Anatomy;3(6):WMC003493Google Scholar
  2. Sebastià C, Quiroga S, Boyé R et-al. 2001. Helical CT in renal transplantation: normal findings and early and late complications. Radiographics. 21 (5): 1103–17.Google Scholar
  3. Jha RC, Korangy SJ, Ascher SM, et al. 2002. MR angiography and preoperative evaluation for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. AJR; 178:1489–1495.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Fink C, Hallscheidt PJ, Hosch WP, et al. 2003. Preoperative evaluation of living renal donors: value of contrast- enhanced 3D magnetic resonance angiography and comparison of three rendering algorithms. Eur Radiol;13:794–801.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Sohaib SA, Koh DM, Husband JE. 2008. The role of imaging in the diagnosis, staging, and management of testicular cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol;191 (2): 387–95.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Merchant S, Bharati A, Merchant N. 2013. Tuberculosis of the genitourinary system-Urinary tract tuberculosis: Renal tuberculosis-Part II. Indian J Radiol Imaging;23:64–77CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valeria Panebianco
    • 1
  • Jurgen J. Fütterer
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and PathologySapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Nuclear MedicineRadboudumcNijmegenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.MIRA Institute for Biomedical Technology and Technical MedicineUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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