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  • Valeria Panebianco
  • Jurgen J. Fütterer
Chapter
Part of the A-Z Notes in Radiological Practice and Reporting book series (AZRPR)

Leiomyomatous Tumors, Uterus

  • Uterine leiomyoma (uterine fibroid) is a benign tumor of myometrial (smooth muscle) origin; it is the most common solid benign uterine neoplasm. Its prevalence increases with age and it is more common in black than in white women. It can be solitary or multiple, with different locations within the uterus: intramural (most common), subserosal, and submucosal, some even being pedunculated.

  • CT: CT imaging is not the investigation of choice for the characterization of pelvic masses. Uterine fibroids are often an incidental finding on CT scans performed for other reasons. The typical finding is an enlarged and irregular uterus or a mass in continuity with the uterus. 4 % of fibroids contain calcifications. Most myomas enhance with contrast similar to normal myometrium.

  • MRI: MRI is the preferred method for accurately characterizing and localizing pelvic masses. Nondegenerated leiomyomas appear isointense to hypointense on T1-weighted images and hypointense on...

Keywords

High Signal Intensity Uterine Fibroid Uterine Leiomyoma Uterine Sarcoma Normal Myometrium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Rha SE, Byun JY, Jung SE et-al. 2003. CT and MRI of uterine sarcomas and their mimickers. AJR Am J Roentgenol.Google Scholar
  2. Markić D, Valencić M, Maricić A et-al. 2011. Lymphocele and renal transplantation. Acta Med Croatica.Google Scholar
  3. Surabhi VR et al. 2008. Neoplastic and non-neoplastic proliferative disorders of the perirenal space: cross-sectional imaging findings. Radiographics 28(4):1005–1017.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Wilde S, Scott-Barrett S. 2009. Radiological appearances of uterine fibroids. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 19 (3): 222–31.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Urban BA, Fishman EK. 2000. Renal lymphoma: CT patterns with emphasis on helical CT. Radiographics. 20 (1): 197–212.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Murase E, Siegelman ES, Outwater EK et-al. 1999. Uterine leiomyomas: histopathologic features, MR imaging findings, differential diagnosis, and treatment. Radiographics.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valeria Panebianco
    • 1
  • Jurgen J. Fütterer
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and PathologySapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Nuclear MedicineRadboudumcNijmegenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.MIRA Institute for Biomedical Technology and Technical MedicineUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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