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Diseases of the Pancreas

  • Thomas K. Helmberger
  • Riccardo Manfredi

Abstract

Modern cross-sectional imaging with high spatial and contrast resolution allows a perfect delineation of the pancreas in its retroperitoneal home. The organ typically presents itself with a length between 12 and 15 cm and a diameter at the head area of ~2.5 cm, at the body of ~2 cm, and at the tip of the pancreatic tail of ~1.5 cm. Anatomically, the pancreatic head is defined as the area to the right of the left border of the superior mesenteric vein, the body as the area between the left border of the superior mesenteric vein and the left border of the aorta, and the tail as the area between the left border of the aorta and the hilum of the spleen. The normal pancreatic duct ranges between 1.5 mm at the tail and 3 mm at the head. Usually (~60% of cases), the pancreatic main duct (duct of Wirsung), the duct of Santorini, and the common bile duct join together within the pancreatic head, entering the duodenum via the papilla of Vater. Several conditions that affect function and integrity of the pancreas, such as developmental anomalies and neoplastic and inflammatory diseases, are discussed.

Keywords

Common Bile Duct Main Pancreatic Duct Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm Superior Mesenteric Vein Left Border 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas K. Helmberger
    • 1
  • Riccardo Manfredi
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine, Klinikum Bogenhausen, Academic Teaching HospitalTechnical University MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly

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