Diseases of the Gallbladder and Biliary Tree: Emphasis on Neoplasms

  • Byung Ihn Choi


Cross-sectional imaging modalities, such as high-resolution ultrasound (US), multi-row-detector computed tomography (MDCT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), have made considerable advances and contribute to robust biliary imaging with higher temporal and spatial resolution. Therefore, those noninvasive, cross-sectional imaging modalities are more frequently used for diagnosis and tumor staging, whereas invasive examinations, including diagnostic percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC), endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC), and endoscopic US (EUS), have become less important [1, 2]. However, improvements in technical aspects of PTC and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) have led to the development of various interventional biliary procedures performed via both percutaneous and endoscopic routes.


Bile Duct Gall Bladder Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Choledochal Cyst Extrahepatic Bile Duct 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Byung Ihn Choi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologySeoul National University HospitalSeoulSouth Korea

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