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Emergency Radiology of the Abdomen and Pelvis: Imaging of the Nontraumatic and Traumatic Acute Abdomen

  • Jay P. Heiken
  • Douglas S. Katz

Abstract

A very large range of disorders, from benign, self-limited conditions to processes requiring emergency surgery, can present with acute abdominal and pelvic pain. The radiologist plays a substantial role in the routine diagnosis and management of patients with these disorders. Similarly, the radiologist plays a major role in the routine evaluation as well as follow-up of selected patients with abdominal and pelvic trauma, whether blunt or penetrating. Computed tomography (CT) remains the mainstay of evaluating such patients, and protocols have evolved along with technological advancements. Ultrasound (US) has a continued important role, particularly for evaluating right upper quadrant pain, suspected gynecologic disorders, and pediatric and pregnant patients with an acute abdomen. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has a growing role in initial evaluation as well as follow-up of selected patients with a variety of acute abdominal and pelvic conditions (usually nontraumatic). Although it is not possible to cover every aspect of imaging of acute nontraumatic and traumatic conditions of the abdomen and pelvis in a single chapter, an overview is presented, with key concepts and teaching points.

Keywords

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Compute Tomography Finding Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Acute Abdomen Blunt Abdominal Trauma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jay P. Heiken
    • 1
  • Douglas S. Katz
    • 2
  1. 1.Mallinckrodt Institute of RadiologyWashington University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyWinthrop-University HospitalMineolaUSA

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