The Physiology of Mechanical Ventilation

  • Stefano NavaEmail author
  • Francesco Fanfulla


The aim of this chapter is to try to describe, briefly and simply, the basics of how a ventilator works and provide some notions on the interaction between the ventilator and the patient.


Mechanical Ventilation Positive Pressure Ventilation Elastic Recoil Transpulmonary Pressure Pleural Pressure 
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Suggested Reading

  1. Bates JH, Rossi A, Milic-Emili J (1985) Analysis of the behaviour of the respiratory system with constant inspiratory flow. J Appl Physiol 58(6):1840–1848PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Chatburn RL (2006) Classification of mechanical ventilators. In: Tobin M (ed) Principle and practice of mechanical ventilation. Mc-Graw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Mead J, Lindgren I, Gaensler EA (1955) The mechanical properties of the lungs in emphysema. J Clin Invest 34:1005–1016PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Respiratory and Critical Care UnitAO Sant’ Orsola Malpighi HospitalBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Sleep Medicine UnitFondazione Salvatore Maugeri Division PneumologicaPaviaItaly

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