Predictors of Failure

  • Stefano NavaEmail author
  • Francesco Fanfulla


Why predictors of failure rather than predictors of success? Because we believe that it is the failure of NIV, above all by culpably and unduly delaying intubation, which determines the outcome of the patient; on the other hand knowing that a patient has a good possibility of success should reassure us but certainly not let us lower our guard.


Respiratory Failure Metabolic Acidosis Good Possibility Acute Pulmonary Edema Bronchial Secretion 
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Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Respiratory and Critical Care UnitAO Sant’ Orsola Malpighi HospitalBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Sleep Medicine UnitFondazione Salvatore Maugeri Division PneumologicaPaviaItaly

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