Why I Ventilate a Patient Non Invasively

  • Stefano NavaEmail author
  • Francesco Fanfulla


We will start by answering a simple question. What characterizes the acute respiratory failure that best responds to non invasive ventilation (NIV)? Certainly, as shown in Fig. 1.1, one characteristic is the presence of hypercapnia and, therefore, an impairment in the respiratory pump, which comprises the central nervous system, peripheral nerves, and the respiratory muscles.


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Respiratory Failure Tidal Volume Acute Respiratory Failure Respiratory Muscle 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Respiratory and Critical Care UnitAO Sant’ Orsola Malpighi HospitalBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Sleep Medicine UnitFondazione Salvatore Maugeri Division PneumologicaPaviaItaly

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