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Why I Ventilate a Patient Non Invasively

  • Stefano Nava
  • Francesco Fanfulla
Chapter

Abstract

We will start by answering a simple question. What characterizes the acute respiratory failure that best responds to non invasive ventilation (NIV)? Certainly, as shown in Fig. 1.1, one characteristic is the presence of hypercapnia and, therefore, an impairment in the respiratory pump, which comprises the central nervous system, peripheral nerves, and the respiratory muscles.

Keywords

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Respiratory Failure Tidal Volume Acute Respiratory Failure Respiratory Muscle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Respiratory and Critical Care UnitAO Sant’ Orsola Malpighi HospitalBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Sleep Medicine UnitFondazione Salvatore Maugeri Division PneumologicaPaviaItaly

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